CHEN Wenbo, FUKUI Hiromichi2, DOKO Tomoko et al.. Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(2): 216-226.
Citation: CHEN Wenbo, FUKUI Hiromichi2, DOKO Tomoko et al.. Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(2): 216-226.

Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal

  • Publish Date: 2013-03-25
  • The detection of glacial lake change in the Himalayas, Nepal is extremely significant since the glacial lake change is one of the crucial indicators of global climate change in this area, where is the most sensitive area of the global climate changes. In the Himalayas, some of glacial lakes are covered by the dark mountains′ shadow because of their location. Therefore, these lakes can not be detected by conventional method such as Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), because the reflectance feature of shadowed glacial lake is different comparing to the ones which are located in the open flat area. The shadow causes two major problems: 1) glacial lakes which are covered by shadow completely result in underestimation of the number of glacial lakes; 2) glacial lakes which are partly identified are considered to undervalue the area of glacial lakes. The aim of this study is to develop a new model, named Detection of Shadowed Glacial Lakes (DSGL) model, to identify glacial lakes under the shadow environment by using Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data in the Himalayas, Nepal. The DSGL model is based on integration of two different modifications of NDWI, namely NDWIs model and NDWIshe model. NDWIs is defined as integration of the NDWI and slope analysis and used for detecting non-shadowed lake in the mountain area. The NDWIshe is proposed as a new methodology to overcome the weakness of NDWIs on identifying shadowed lakes in highly elevated mountainous area such as the Himalayas. The first step of the NDWIshe is to enhance the data from ASTER 1B using the histogram equalization (HE) method, and its outcome product is named ASTERhe. We used the ASTERhe for calculating the NDWIhe and the NDWIshe. Integrated with terrain analysis using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data, the NDWIshe can be used to identify the shadowed glacial lakes in the Himalayas. NDWIs value of 0.41 is used to identify the glacier lake (NDWIs ≥ 0.41), and 0.3 of NDWIshe is used to identify the shadowed glacier lake (NDWIshe ≤ 0.3). The DSGL model was proved to be able to classify the glacial lakes more accurately, while the NDWI model had tendency to underestimate the presence of actual glacial lakes. Correct classification rate regarding the products from NDWI model and DSGL model were 57% and 99%, respectively. The results of this paper demonstrated that the DSGL model is promising to detect glacial lakes in the shadowed environment at high mountains.
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article Metrics

Article views(920) PDF downloads(1191) Cited by()

Proportional views
Related

Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal

Abstract: The detection of glacial lake change in the Himalayas, Nepal is extremely significant since the glacial lake change is one of the crucial indicators of global climate change in this area, where is the most sensitive area of the global climate changes. In the Himalayas, some of glacial lakes are covered by the dark mountains′ shadow because of their location. Therefore, these lakes can not be detected by conventional method such as Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), because the reflectance feature of shadowed glacial lake is different comparing to the ones which are located in the open flat area. The shadow causes two major problems: 1) glacial lakes which are covered by shadow completely result in underestimation of the number of glacial lakes; 2) glacial lakes which are partly identified are considered to undervalue the area of glacial lakes. The aim of this study is to develop a new model, named Detection of Shadowed Glacial Lakes (DSGL) model, to identify glacial lakes under the shadow environment by using Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data in the Himalayas, Nepal. The DSGL model is based on integration of two different modifications of NDWI, namely NDWIs model and NDWIshe model. NDWIs is defined as integration of the NDWI and slope analysis and used for detecting non-shadowed lake in the mountain area. The NDWIshe is proposed as a new methodology to overcome the weakness of NDWIs on identifying shadowed lakes in highly elevated mountainous area such as the Himalayas. The first step of the NDWIshe is to enhance the data from ASTER 1B using the histogram equalization (HE) method, and its outcome product is named ASTERhe. We used the ASTERhe for calculating the NDWIhe and the NDWIshe. Integrated with terrain analysis using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data, the NDWIshe can be used to identify the shadowed glacial lakes in the Himalayas. NDWIs value of 0.41 is used to identify the glacier lake (NDWIs ≥ 0.41), and 0.3 of NDWIshe is used to identify the shadowed glacier lake (NDWIshe ≤ 0.3). The DSGL model was proved to be able to classify the glacial lakes more accurately, while the NDWI model had tendency to underestimate the presence of actual glacial lakes. Correct classification rate regarding the products from NDWI model and DSGL model were 57% and 99%, respectively. The results of this paper demonstrated that the DSGL model is promising to detect glacial lakes in the shadowed environment at high mountains.

CHEN Wenbo, FUKUI Hiromichi2, DOKO Tomoko et al.. Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(2): 216-226.
Citation: CHEN Wenbo, FUKUI Hiromichi2, DOKO Tomoko et al.. Improvement of Glacial Lakes Detection under Shadow Environment Using ASTER Data in Himalayas, Nepal[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(2): 216-226.

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return