YANG Fiona Fan, HU Fox Zhiyong, WANG Yuhua. Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(3): 516-531. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0
Citation: YANG Fiona Fan, HU Fox Zhiyong, WANG Yuhua. Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(3): 516-531. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0

Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective

doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0
Funds:

Under the auspices of the Early Career Scheme of the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (No. 28200615), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2018A030313276)

  • Received Date: 2019-03-05
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-06-23
  • Income inequality in urban China has attracted growing attention from China's urban researchers and policy makers. Whereas many studies have interrogated the pattern and process of the income gap in Chinese cities undergoing the institutional transformation from plan to market, relatively little is known about how such unequal distribution of income is related to China's ongoing structural transformation toward a post-industrial economy. Drawing on a decomposition methodology based on the Theil index, this study aimed to address this lacuna through an empirical investigation of China's urban wage inequality from a sectoral perspective. Our empirical study identified the low-wage manufacturing sector and the high-wage producer services sector as the two biggest contributors to urban wage inequality in China. Urban wage inequality within the producer services was found to be caused by the spatial concentration of a disproportionate number of high-paying jobs in a few developed, high-tier city-regions on the eastern coast. Our empirical findings have important implications for the formulation of policies to address the income inequality that plagues China's continuing urbanization.
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Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective

doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0
Funds:

Under the auspices of the Early Career Scheme of the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (No. 28200615), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2018A030313276)

Abstract: Income inequality in urban China has attracted growing attention from China's urban researchers and policy makers. Whereas many studies have interrogated the pattern and process of the income gap in Chinese cities undergoing the institutional transformation from plan to market, relatively little is known about how such unequal distribution of income is related to China's ongoing structural transformation toward a post-industrial economy. Drawing on a decomposition methodology based on the Theil index, this study aimed to address this lacuna through an empirical investigation of China's urban wage inequality from a sectoral perspective. Our empirical study identified the low-wage manufacturing sector and the high-wage producer services sector as the two biggest contributors to urban wage inequality in China. Urban wage inequality within the producer services was found to be caused by the spatial concentration of a disproportionate number of high-paying jobs in a few developed, high-tier city-regions on the eastern coast. Our empirical findings have important implications for the formulation of policies to address the income inequality that plagues China's continuing urbanization.

YANG Fiona Fan, HU Fox Zhiyong, WANG Yuhua. Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(3): 516-531. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0
Citation: YANG Fiona Fan, HU Fox Zhiyong, WANG Yuhua. Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(3): 516-531. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0
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