CHEN Fan, LIU Jun, GE Quansheng. Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(4): 648-659. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8
Citation: CHEN Fan, LIU Jun, GE Quansheng. Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(4): 648-659. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8

Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8
Funds:  Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41430528, 41671036), Ministry of Education of Humanities, Social Science Project (No. 16YJC790060), Social Science Planning Annual Project of Sichuan, China (No. SC15B046), Soft Science Research Project of Sichuan, China (No. 2015ZR0225), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. skqy201639)
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  • Corresponding author: LIU Jun.E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com
  • Received Date: 2016-11-26
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-03-09
  • Publish Date: 2017-08-27
  • While climate is an important factor attracting tourists to certain destinations, it can also motivate people residing in a country with a harsh climate to move to another location. By applying X-12 decompositions and a panel data regression analysis, this study analyzes the pull and push effects of climatic seasonal factors between destination (Hainan Island, China) and source countries (Russia and South Korea). The findings show that climatic seasonal factors have significant pulling and pushing effects on seasonal patterns of tourism demand, with temperature being the main factor. Furthermore, the number of paid vacation days in the source country affects that country's sensitivity to climatic seasonal factors; countries with a higher numbers of paid vacation days are more sensitive to climatic conditions. Lastly, future global warming may causes the aforementioned pull and push effects to abate, which will have an unavoidable influence on tourism industries.
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Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8
Funds:  Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41430528, 41671036), Ministry of Education of Humanities, Social Science Project (No. 16YJC790060), Social Science Planning Annual Project of Sichuan, China (No. SC15B046), Soft Science Research Project of Sichuan, China (No. 2015ZR0225), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. skqy201639)
    Corresponding author: LIU Jun.E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com

Abstract: While climate is an important factor attracting tourists to certain destinations, it can also motivate people residing in a country with a harsh climate to move to another location. By applying X-12 decompositions and a panel data regression analysis, this study analyzes the pull and push effects of climatic seasonal factors between destination (Hainan Island, China) and source countries (Russia and South Korea). The findings show that climatic seasonal factors have significant pulling and pushing effects on seasonal patterns of tourism demand, with temperature being the main factor. Furthermore, the number of paid vacation days in the source country affects that country's sensitivity to climatic seasonal factors; countries with a higher numbers of paid vacation days are more sensitive to climatic conditions. Lastly, future global warming may causes the aforementioned pull and push effects to abate, which will have an unavoidable influence on tourism industries.

CHEN Fan, LIU Jun, GE Quansheng. Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(4): 648-659. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8
Citation: CHEN Fan, LIU Jun, GE Quansheng. Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(4): 648-659. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8
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