Pattern Dynamics of Thermal-environment Effect During Urbanization: A Case Study in Shenzhen City, China
- Publish Date: 2013-01-04
Abstract: The thermal-environment effect exists in the field of rapid urbanization. It has adverse effects on the urban atmosphere, regional climate, energy consumption, and public health. Shenzhen, a representative of rapidly urbanizing cities in China, was selected as a case for pattern dynamics analysis of the thermal environment. The surface temperature was acquired from the thermal infrared data of Landsat TM and ETM+ images in 1986, 1995, and 2005 by Jiménez-Muñoz and Sobrino′s generalized single-channel method, which was used in assessing the distribution and spatial patterns of the thermal environment. The relative thermal environment curve (RTC) was combined with Moran′s I analysis to assess the pattern dynamics of the thermal environment in different urbanization periods. Moran′s I index and the RTC represent a process of aggregation-fragmentation-aggregation, which shows the aggregation pattern of a decrease during the rapid urbanization period and then an increase during the steady urbanization period. High-tem¬pera¬ture areas gradually expanded to a uniform and scattered distribution in the rapid urbanization period; while the high thermal-environment effect was gra¬dually transformed into a steady spatial pattern in the stable urbanization period. To characterize the increasing development in this multiple- center city, we chose profiles along an urban-development axis. The results suggest that heat islands have expanded from internal urban to external urban areas. Four profiles were obtained showing differences in shape due to spatial differences in the process of development.
|Citation:||XIE Miaomiao, WANG Yanglin, FU Meichen, ZHANG Dingxuan. Pattern Dynamics of Thermal-environment Effect During Urbanization: A Case Study in Shenzhen City, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(1): 101-112.|