CAO Guangzhong, LIU Tao, LIU Hui, MIAO Yangbing. Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(6): 718-729.
Citation: CAO Guangzhong, LIU Tao, LIU Hui, MIAO Yangbing. Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(6): 718-729.

Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe

  • Publish Date: 2012-11-05
  • As responses to metropolitan suburbanization and rural urbanization, the formation and evolution of urban fringes should be understood against the background of overall economic development and spatial reconstruction of entire metropolises. At the same time, however, endogenous interactions between industrial structure and spatial patterns of non-agricultural activities are also worthy of scholarly attention. Since the 1980s, studies on urban fringes in China have been restricted by the lack of micro-level data. This paper investigates the spatial expansion and structural evolution of the urban fringe by taking the case of Beijing and uses systematic firm-level data in 1996 and 2001 from the National Census of Basic Units. The diversity of distribution patterns across industrial sectors brings about two interrelated results. On the one hand, structural adjustment of non-agricultural industries promotes the expansion and spatial evolution of the urban fringe. On the other hand, the stability and dynamics of industrial structure coexist in the moving urban fringe. This study also reveals that the outward-moving urban fringe is the optimal location for manufacturing, especially heavy manufacturing, as well as traditional producer and consumer services. However, industries with spatial stickiness such as tourism and sports have not moved with the fringe. Most advanced services remain concentrated in the city center. The authors argue that it is essential for understanding and managing urban fringes to take into account spatial evolution and industrial structural adjustment together with their interaction with each other.
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Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe

Abstract: As responses to metropolitan suburbanization and rural urbanization, the formation and evolution of urban fringes should be understood against the background of overall economic development and spatial reconstruction of entire metropolises. At the same time, however, endogenous interactions between industrial structure and spatial patterns of non-agricultural activities are also worthy of scholarly attention. Since the 1980s, studies on urban fringes in China have been restricted by the lack of micro-level data. This paper investigates the spatial expansion and structural evolution of the urban fringe by taking the case of Beijing and uses systematic firm-level data in 1996 and 2001 from the National Census of Basic Units. The diversity of distribution patterns across industrial sectors brings about two interrelated results. On the one hand, structural adjustment of non-agricultural industries promotes the expansion and spatial evolution of the urban fringe. On the other hand, the stability and dynamics of industrial structure coexist in the moving urban fringe. This study also reveals that the outward-moving urban fringe is the optimal location for manufacturing, especially heavy manufacturing, as well as traditional producer and consumer services. However, industries with spatial stickiness such as tourism and sports have not moved with the fringe. Most advanced services remain concentrated in the city center. The authors argue that it is essential for understanding and managing urban fringes to take into account spatial evolution and industrial structural adjustment together with their interaction with each other.

CAO Guangzhong, LIU Tao, LIU Hui, MIAO Yangbing. Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(6): 718-729.
Citation: CAO Guangzhong, LIU Tao, LIU Hui, MIAO Yangbing. Changing Spatial and Structural Patterns of Non-agricultural Activities in Outward-moving Beijing Urban Fringe[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(6): 718-729.

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