LI Jing, SHENG Yu, WU Jichun, et al.. Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(3): 278-287.
Citation: LI Jing, SHENG Yu, WU Jichun, et al.. Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(3): 278-287.

Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method

  • Publish Date: 2012-04-30
  • This study proposes an equivalent-elevation method to evaluate the integrated effects of latitude and elevation on regional
    and local-scale permafrost distribution in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and to model the general permafrost-distribution patterns in regional
    and local-scale area. It is found that the Gaussian curve―an empirical model describing the relation between variations of altitudinal
    permafrost lower limit (PLL) and latitude in the Northern Hemisphere―could be applied in regional- and local-scale areas in the Qinghai-
    Tibet Plateau in a latitude-sensitive interval of 30°–50°N. The curve was then used to evaluate the latitudinal effect on permafrost
    distribution through transforming the latitudinal effect into a kind of altitudinal difference of PLL. This study then calculated the local
    equivalent-elevation value by overlaying the altitudinal difference of PLL onto real elevation at a certain location. The equivalent-
    elevation method was verified in an experimental subwatershed of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. However, feasibility of the method should be
    further tested in order to extend for future studies. The use of equivalent-elevation values can build a platform for comparing the regional
    general permafrost distribution in the plateau, and for basing further evaluations of local factors′ effects on regional permafrost
    distribution.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method

Abstract: This study proposes an equivalent-elevation method to evaluate the integrated effects of latitude and elevation on regional
and local-scale permafrost distribution in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and to model the general permafrost-distribution patterns in regional
and local-scale area. It is found that the Gaussian curve―an empirical model describing the relation between variations of altitudinal
permafrost lower limit (PLL) and latitude in the Northern Hemisphere―could be applied in regional- and local-scale areas in the Qinghai-
Tibet Plateau in a latitude-sensitive interval of 30°–50°N. The curve was then used to evaluate the latitudinal effect on permafrost
distribution through transforming the latitudinal effect into a kind of altitudinal difference of PLL. This study then calculated the local
equivalent-elevation value by overlaying the altitudinal difference of PLL onto real elevation at a certain location. The equivalent-
elevation method was verified in an experimental subwatershed of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. However, feasibility of the method should be
further tested in order to extend for future studies. The use of equivalent-elevation values can build a platform for comparing the regional
general permafrost distribution in the plateau, and for basing further evaluations of local factors′ effects on regional permafrost
distribution.

LI Jing, SHENG Yu, WU Jichun, et al.. Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(3): 278-287.
Citation: LI Jing, SHENG Yu, WU Jichun, et al.. Modeling Regional and Local-scale Permafrost Distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Using Equivalent-elevation Method[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(3): 278-287.

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