DOU Wen-zhang, LI Guo-ping, GAN Ying-jin, WANG Li-ming, YANG Kai-zhong. URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2000, 10(2): 105-112.
Citation: DOU Wen-zhang, LI Guo-ping, GAN Ying-jin, WANG Li-ming, YANG Kai-zhong. URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2000, 10(2): 105-112.

URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA

  • Received Date: 1999-07-26
  • Publish Date: 2000-06-20
  • With the national economy's transition from a planning one to a market one, the factors affecting regional economic pattern has changed greatly.In this paper we first construct an index system for evaluating competitiveness of Chinese cities based on modern competitive advantage theory.With principal component analysis and cluster analysis methods, we compare the factors affecling cities'integrated competitiveness in 1990 and 1997.We find that four major factors are capital (including investment, FDI and urban financial revenue), urban ithestructure (transporiation and communication, urbanization level, education etc.), industrial performance and structure, degree of market openness and that these factors have become more advanced and complicated since 1990.Most Chinese cities are transforming from productive factors-oriented type to investment-oriented type and a few are becoming innovation oriented.The integrated competitiveness is closely related to cities'scale, urban function, regional policy and degree of market openness and displays an uneven spatial pattern.The difference between the south and the north and the difference between the west and the east co-exist bul the former has been more larger.Finally, we discuss the mechanism behind the pattern and attribute the unevenness to change of factors dominating the cities'compehtiveness regional innovation capacity and geographical differenceof traditional culture.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA

Abstract: With the national economy's transition from a planning one to a market one, the factors affecting regional economic pattern has changed greatly.In this paper we first construct an index system for evaluating competitiveness of Chinese cities based on modern competitive advantage theory.With principal component analysis and cluster analysis methods, we compare the factors affecling cities'integrated competitiveness in 1990 and 1997.We find that four major factors are capital (including investment, FDI and urban financial revenue), urban ithestructure (transporiation and communication, urbanization level, education etc.), industrial performance and structure, degree of market openness and that these factors have become more advanced and complicated since 1990.Most Chinese cities are transforming from productive factors-oriented type to investment-oriented type and a few are becoming innovation oriented.The integrated competitiveness is closely related to cities'scale, urban function, regional policy and degree of market openness and displays an uneven spatial pattern.The difference between the south and the north and the difference between the west and the east co-exist bul the former has been more larger.Finally, we discuss the mechanism behind the pattern and attribute the unevenness to change of factors dominating the cities'compehtiveness regional innovation capacity and geographical differenceof traditional culture.

DOU Wen-zhang, LI Guo-ping, GAN Ying-jin, WANG Li-ming, YANG Kai-zhong. URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2000, 10(2): 105-112.
Citation: DOU Wen-zhang, LI Guo-ping, GAN Ying-jin, WANG Li-ming, YANG Kai-zhong. URBAN COMPETITIVE PATTERN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHINA[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2000, 10(2): 105-112.

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