Seasonal Dynamics of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Water and Sediment of A Multi-level Ditch System in Sanjiang Plain,
- Publish Date: 2011-08-03
- multi-level ditch system /
- nitrogen /
- phosphorus /
- spatio-temporal variation /
- drainage water /
Abstract: The multi-level ditch system developed in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China has sped up water drainage process hence transferred more pollutants from farmlands into the rivers of this region. Understanding the seasonal dynamics of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) transportation in the ditch system and the role of different ditch size is thus crucial for water pollution control of the rivers in the Sanjiang Plain. In this study, an investigation was conducted in the Nongjiang watershed of the Sanjiang Plain to study the nutrient variation and the correlation between water and sediments in the ditch system in terms of ditch level. Water and sediments samples were collected in each ditch level in growing season at regular intervals (once per month), and TN, NO3–-N, NH4+-N, TP, and PO43–-P were analyzed. The results show that nutrient contents in water were higher in June and July, especially in July, the contents of TN and TP were 3.21 mg/L and 0.84 mg/L in field ditch, 4.04 mg/L and 1.06 mg/L in lateral ditch, 2.46 mg/L and 0.70 mg/L in branch ditch, 1.92 mg/L and 0.63 mg/L in main ditch, respectively. In August and September, the nutrient contents in the water were relatively lower. The peak value of nutrient in ditch water had been moving from the field ditch to the main ditch over time, showing a remarkable impact of ditch system on river water environment. The nutrient transfer in ditch sediments could only be found in rainfall season. Nutrient contents in ditch sediment had effect on that in ditch water, but nutrients in ditch water and sediments had different origination. Ditch management in terms of the key factors is hence very important for protecting river water environment.
|Citation:|| GUO Lei, MA Keming. Seasonal Dynamics of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Water and Sediment of A Multi-level Ditch System in Sanjiang Plain,
Northeast China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2011, 21(4): 437-445.