Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 334-341.

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Vegetation NPP Distribution Based on MODIS Data and CASA Model——A Case Study of Northern Hebei Province

YUAN Jinguo1,2, NIU Zheng1, WANG Chenli1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, China
  • Received:2006-06-04 Revised:2006-10-26 Online:2006-12-20 Published:2011-12-15


Net Primary Productivity (NPP) is one of the important biophysical variables of vegetation activity, and it plays an important role in studying global carbon cycle, carbon source and sink of ecosystem, and spatial and temporal distribution of CO2. Remote sensing can provide broad view quickly, timely and multi-temporally, which makes it an attractive and powerful tool for studying ecosystem primary productivity, at scales ranging from local to global. This paper aims to use Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data to estimate and analyze spatial and temporal distribution of NPP of the northern Hebei Province in 2001 based on Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model. The spatial distribution of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (APAR) of vegetation and light use efficiency in three geographical subregions, that is, Bashang Plateau Region, Basin Region in the northwestern Hebei Province and Yanshan Mountainous Region in the Northern Hebei Province were analyzed, and total NPP spatial distribution of the study area in 2001 was discussed. Based on 16-day MODIS Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) product, 16-day composite NPP dynamics were calculated using CASA model; the seasonal dynamics of vegetation NPP in three subregions were also analyzed. Result reveals that the total NPP of the study area in 2001 was 25.1877×106gC/(m2·a), and NPP in 2001 ranged from 2 to 608gC/(m2·a), with an average of 337.516gC/(m2·a). NPP of the study area in 2001 accumulated mainly from May to September (DOY 129–272), high NPP values appeared from June to August (DOY 177–204), and the maximum NPP appeared from late July to mid-August (DOY 209–224).

Key words: NPP distribution, MODIS data, CASA model, Northern Hebei Province