Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 600-610.doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1213-9

• Articles • Previous Articles    

Cross-national Perspectives on Using Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Indicators for Monitoring Sustainable Development: A Database and Analysis

WANG Xiangyu1,2, SONG Changqing2, CHENG Changxiu2,3, YE Sijing2, SHEN Shi2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Center for Geodata and Analysis, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-12-04 Published:2021-06-28
  • Contact: SONG Changqing E-mail:201831051025@mail.bnu.edu.cn;songcq@bnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program (No. 2019QZKK0608), Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University

Abstract: Sustainable development is the theme of the 21st century. To monitor the progress of sustainable development, the United Nations launched Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. Subsequently, nations of the world have drawn up a list of localized indicators regarding the United Nations SDGs as a paradigm. We established a database including SDGs indicator systems of 11 economies by collecting and determining a large number of materials. Based on this database, we analyzed SDGs indicators by designing a conceptual framework of comparative analysis that included three views. We found that the SDGs indicator systems of 11 economies are different between the number of indicators, the proportion of different categories, and the connotation of indicators. Although the SDGs indicator systems among economies regarded the United Nations SDGs as a framework and included the major social problems related to sustainability, the inconsistency between SDGs indicator systems is large. It is a major reason why scholars lack the systematic method for developing indicators. There are challenges faced in data accessibility. The framework for comparative analysis could be applied to different economies.

Key words: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), framework, indicator, cross-national, database