Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 209-222.doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1183-y

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Impact of Land Use Change on Vegetation Carbon Storage During Rapid Urbanization: A Case Study of Hangzhou, China

WANG Zhi1, XU Lihua2, SHI Yijun2, MA Qiwei2, WU Yaqi2, LU Zhangwei2, MAO Liwei3, PANG Enqi1, ZHANG Qi1   

  1. 1. School of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China;
    2. School of Landscape Architecture, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China;
    3. Hangzhou Planning & Design Academy, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2020-03-28 Online:2021-03-20 Published:2021-01-05
  • Contact: XU Lihua E-mail:xulihua@zafu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41871216)

Abstract: Land use changes have significant impacts on the carbon balance in an urban ecosystem. When there is rapid development in urbanizing regions, land use changes have a dramatic effect on vegetation carbon storage (VCS). This study investigates the impact of land use change on VCS in a period of rapid urbanization in Hangzhou, China. The results show that: 1) from 2000 to 2015, land use in Hangzhou underwent huge changes, mainly reflected in decrease in cropland and wetland and the increased settlement. More than 34.58% of the land was transformed, and the land use changes are primarily characterized by a significant decrease in cropland due to the occupation by settlement. 2) over the 15 years, changes in land use led to a decrease of 3.93×105 t of VCS in the urban ecosystem. The large-scale transformation of cropland and wetland, which have a comparatively high carbon density, into land for settlement exerted a negative impact on VCS. 3) The central city, which with the Circle-E/I/O mode, had the lowest comprehensive land use dynamic degree, leading to moderate land use change and an increase in VCS; Yuhang and Xiaoshan, which with Multicore-E/O/I mode and Fan-E/O/I modes, had a higher comprehensive land use dynamic degree, drastic changes in land use, and a decrease in VCS. This study proposes a reliable method of estimating changes in VCS, clarifies the relationship between land use change and VCS during rapid urbanization, and provides recommendations for sustainable urban development.

Key words: land use change, vegetation carbon storage (VCS), urbanization, GAIN-LOSS method, Hangzhou, China