Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2014, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (2): 137-146.doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0650-5

• Articles •     Next Articles

Nitrogen Deposition and Its Spatial Pattern in Main Forest Ecosystems along North-South Transect of Eastern China

ZHAN Xiaoyun1,2, YU Guirui1, HE Nianpeng1, FANG Huajun1, JIA Bingrui3, ZHOU Mei4, WANG Chuankuan5, ZHANG Junhui6, ZHAO Guangdong7, WANG Silong6, LIU Yunfen1, YAN Junhua8   

  1. 1. Synthesis Research Center of Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China;
    4. College of Ecology and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010019, China;
    5. College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China;
    6. Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;
    7. Institute of Forest Ecology Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China;
    8. South China Botany Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
  • Received:2013-01-31 Revised:2013-05-10 Online:2014-01-27 Published:2014-01-28

Abstract:

A continuous three-year observation (from May 2008 to April 2011) was conducted to characterize the spatial variation of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) deposition at eight main forest ecosystems along the north-south transect of eastern China (NSTEC). The results show that both throughfall DIN deposition and bulk DIN deposition increase from north to south along the NSTEC. Throughfall DIN deposition varies greatly from 2.7 kg N/(ha·yr) to 33.0 kg N/(ha·yr), with an average of 10.6 kg N/(ha·yr), and bulk DIN deposition ranges from 4.1 kg N/(ha·yr) to 25.4 kg N/(ha·yr), with an average of 9.8 kg N/(ha·yr). NH4+-N is the dominant form of DIN deposition at most sampling sites. Additionally, the spatial variation of DIN deposition is controlled mainly by precipitation. Moreover, in the northern part of the NSTEC, bulk DIN deposition is 17% higher than throughfall DIN deposition, whereas the trend is opposite in the southern part of the NSTEC. The results demonstrate that DIN deposition would likely threaten the forest ecosystems along the NSTEC, compared with the critical loads (CL) of N deposition, and DIN deposition in this region is mostly controlled by agricultural activities rather than industrial activities or transportation.

Key words: forest ecosystem, nitrogen deposition, NH4+-N, NO3-N, eastern China