Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 167-175.doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0167-0

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Vegetation Change of Ecotone in West of Northeast China Plain Using Time-series Remote Sensing Data

HUANG Fang, WANG Ping   

  1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2009-03-07 Revised:2009-11-23 Online:2010-01-22 Published:2010-04-23
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2009CB426305);National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30370267);"Eleventh Five-year" Science and Technology In-novation Platform Foster Program of Northeast Normal University (No. 106111065202)

Abstract:

Multi-temporal series of satellite SPOT-VEGETATION normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and normalized difference water index (NDWI) data from 1998 to 2007 were used for analyzing vegetation change of the ecotone in the west of the Northeast China Plain. The yearly and monthly maximal values,anomalies and change rates of NDVI and NDWI were calculated to reveal the interannual and seasonal changes in vegetation cover and vegetation water content. Linear regression method was adopted to characterize the trends in vegetation change. The yearly maximal NDVI decreased from 0.41 in 1998 to 0.37 in 2007,implying the decreasing trend of vegetation activity. There was a significant decrease of maximal NDVI in spring and summer over the study period,while an increase trend was observed in autumn. The vegetation-improved regions and vegetation-degraded regions occupied 17.03% and 20.30% of the study area,respectively. The maximal NDWI over growing season dropped by 0.027 in 1998-2007,and about 15.15% of the study area showed a decreasing trend of water content. Vegetation water stress in autumn was better than that in spring. Vegetation cover and water content variations were sensitive to annual precipitation,autumn precipitation and summer temperature. The vegetation degradation trend in this ecotone might be induced by the warm-drying climate especially continuous spring and summer drought in the recent ten years.

Key words: vegetation change, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), normalized difference water index (NDWI), SPOT-VEGETATION, ecotone, Northeast China Plain