留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming

JIN Yinghua ZHANG Yingjie XU Jiawei TAO Yan HE Hongshi GUO Meng WANG Ailin LIU Yuxia NIU Liping

JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
引用本文: JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
Citation: JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y

Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571078, 41171072), Open Foundation of Changbai Scientific Research Academy (No. 201501)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    XU Jiawei.E-mail:xujw634@nenu.edu.cn

Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571078, 41171072), Open Foundation of Changbai Scientific Research Academy (No. 201501)
More Information
    Corresponding author: XU Jiawei.E-mail:xujw634@nenu.edu.cn
  • 摘要: Vegetation in high altitude areas normally exhibits the strongest response to global warming. We investigated the tundra vegetation on the Changbai Mountains and revealed the similarities and differences between the north and the southwest slopes of the Changbai Mountains in response to global warming. Our results were as follows:1) The average temperatures in the growing season have increased from 1981 to 2015, the climate tendency rate was 0.38℃/10yr, and there was no obvious change in precipitation observed. 2) The tundra vegetation of the Changbai Mountains has changed significantly over the last 30 years. Specifically, herbaceous plants have invaded into the tundra zone, and the proportion of herbaceous plants was larger than that of shrubs. Shrub tundra was transforming into shrub-grass tundra. 3) The tundra vegetation in the north and southwest slopes of the Changbai Mountains responded differently to global warming. The southwest slope showed a significantly higher degree of invasion from herbaceous plants and exhibited greater vegetation change than the north slope. 4) The species diversity of plant communities on the tundra zone of the north slope changed unimodally with altitude, while that on the tundra zone of the southwest slope decreased monotonously with altitude. Differences in the degree of invasion from herbaceous plants resulted in differences in species diversity patterns between the north and southwest slopes. Differences in local microclimate, plant community successional stage and soil fertility resulted in differential responses of tundra vegetation to global warming.
  • [1] Ackerly D D, Loarie S R, Cornwell W K et al., 2010.The geog-raphy of climate change:implications for conservation bioge-ography.Diversity and Distributions, 16(3):476-487.doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00654.x
    [2] Alexander L V, Zhang X, Peterson T C et al., 2006.Global ob-served changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation.Journal of Geophysical Research:Atmospheres, 111(D5):D05109.doi: 10.1029/2005JD006290
    [3] Bahn M, Körner C, 2003.Recent increases in summit flora caused by warming in the Alps.In:Nagy L et al.(eds).Alpine Biodiversity in Europe.Berlin:Springer, 437-441.doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-18967-8_27
    [4] Beckage B, Osborne B, Gavin D G et al., 2008.A rapid upward shift of a forest ecotone during 40 years of warming in the Green Mountains of Vermont.Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 105(11):4197-4202.doi: 10.1073/pnas.0708921105
    [5] Bjorkman A D, Elmendorf S C, Beamish A L et al., 2015.Con-trasting effects of warming and increased snowfall on Arctic tundra plant phenology over the past two decades.Global Change Biology, 21(12):4651-4661.doi: 10.1111/gcb.1305163
    [6] Britton A J, Beale C M, Towers W et al., 2009.Biodiversity gains and losses:evidence for homogenisation of Scottish alpine vegetation.Biological Conservation, 142(18):1728-1739.doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.03.010
    [7] Bruun H H, Moen J, Virtanen R et al., 2006.Effects of altitude and topography on species richness of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens in alpine communities.Journal of Vegetation Science, 17(1):37-46.doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2006.tb02421.x
    [8] Callaway R M, Brooker R W, Choler P et al., 2002.Positive in-teractions among alpine plants increase with stress.Nature, 417(6891):844-848.doi: 10.1038/nature00812
    [9] Colwell R K, Hurtt G C, 1994.Nonbiological gradients in species richness and a spurious rapoport effect.The American Natural-ist, 144(4):570-595.doi: 10.1086/285695
    [10] Dai L M, Wu G, Zhao J Z et al., 2002.Carbon cycling of alpine tundra ecosystems on Changbai Mountain and its comparison with arctic tundra.Science in China Series D:Earth Sciences, 45(10):903-910.doi: 10.1360/02yd9089
    [11] Danby R K, Hik D S, 2007.Variability, contingency and rapid change in recent subarctic alpine tree line dynamics.Journal of Ecology, 95(2):352-363.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01200.x
    [12] Danby R K, Koh S, Hik D S et al., 2011.Four decades of plant community change in the alpine tundra of Southwest Yukon, Canada.AMBIO, 40(6):660-671.doi: 10.1007/s13280-011-0172-2
    [13] DeChaine E G, Martin A P, 2004.Historic cycles of fragmentation and expansion in Parnassius smintheus (Papilionidae) inferred using mitochondrial DNA.Evolution, 58(1):113-127.doi: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2004.tb01578.x
    [14] Diaz H F, Eischeid J K, 2007.Disappearing "alpine tundra" Kö-ppen climatic type in the western United States.Geophysical Research Letters, 34(18):L18707.doi:10.1029/2007GL 031253
    [15] Dirnböck T, Dullinger S, Grabherr G, 2003.A regional impact assessment of climate and land-use change on alpine vegetation.Journal of Biogeography, 30(3):401-417.doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00839.x
    [16] Engler R, Randin C F, Thuiller W et al., 2011.21st century climate change threatens mountain flora unequally across Europe.Global Change Biology, 17(7):2330-2341.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02393.x
    [17] Erschbamer B, Kiebacher T, Mallaun M et al., 2009.Short-term signals of climate change along an altitudinal gradient in the South Alps.Plant Ecology, 202(1):79-89.doi:10.1007/s 11258-008-9556-1
    [18] Erschbamer B, Unterluggauer P, Winkler E et al., 2011.Changes in plant species diversity revealed by long-term monitoring on mountain summits in the Dolomites (northern Italy).Preslia, 83(3):387-401.
    [19] Frei E, Bodin J, Walther G R, 2010.Plant species' range shifts in mountainous areas-All uphill from here? Botanica Helvetica, 120(2):117-128.doi: 10.1007/s00035-010-0076-y
    [20] Gottfried M, Pauli H, Futschik A et al., 2012.Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change.Nature Climate Change, 2(2):111-115.doi: 10.1038/nclimate1329
    [21] Gough L, Shaver G R, Carroll J et al., 2000.Vascular plant species richness in Alaskan arctic tundra:the importance of soil pH.Journal of Ecology, 88(1):54-66.doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2000.00426.x
    [22] Grabherr G, Gottfried M, Pauli H, 1994.Climate effects on mountain plants.Nature, 369(6480):448.doi:10.1038/36944 8a0
    [23] Grabherr G, Gottfried M, Gruber A et al., 1995.Patterns and cur-rent changes in alpine plant diversity.In:Chapin Ⅲ F S and Körner C (eds).Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity:Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences.Berlin:Springer, 167-181.doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-78966-3_12
    [24] Grime J P, 1973a.Competitive exclusion in herbaceous vegetation.Nature, 242(5396):344-347.doi: 10.1038/242344a0
    [25] Grime J P, 1973b.Control of species density in herbaceous vege-tation.Journal of Environmental Management, 1:151-167.
    [26] Grime J P, 1979.Ecological classification.Science, 206(22):1176-1177.doi: 10.1126/science.206.4423.1176
    [27] Grime J P, 1998.Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems:Immediate, filter and founder effects.Journal of Ecology, 86(6):902-910.doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.1998.00306.x
    [28] Grytnes J A, 2003.Species-richness patterns of vascular plants along seven altitudinal transects in Norway.Ecography, 26(3):291-300.doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0587.2003.03358.x
    [29] Heikkinen R K, Neuvonen S, 1997.Species richness of vascular plantsin the subarctic landscape of northern Finland:modelling relationships to the environment.Biodiversity and Conservation, 6(9):1181-1201.doi: 10.1023/A:1018356823171
    [30] Henry G H R, Molau U, 1997.Tundra plants and climate change:The International Tundra Experiment (ITEX).Global Change Biology, 3(S1):1-9.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.1997.gcb132.x
    [31] Holzinger B, Hülber K, Camenisch M et al., 2008.Changes in plant species richness over the last century in the eastern Swiss Alps:elevational gradient, bedrock effects and migration rates.Plant Ecology, 195(2):179-196.doi: 10.1007/s11258-007-9314-9
    [32] Huang Xichou, Li Chonghao, 1984.An analysis on the ecology of alpine tundra landscape of Changbai Mountains.Acta Geo-graphica Sinica, 39(3):285-297. (in Chinese)
    [33] Huelber K, Gottfried M, Pauli H et al., 2006.Phenological re-sponses of snowbed species to snow removal dates in the Cen-tral Alps:implications for climate warming.Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 38(1):99-103.doi: 10.1657/1523-0430(2006)038[0099:PROSST]2.0.CO;2
    [34] Hughes L, 2000.Biological consequences of global warming:is the signal already apparent? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15(2):56-61.doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(99)01764-4
    [35] Inouye D W, 2008.Effects of climate change on phenology, frost damage, and floral abundance of montane wildflowers.Ecology, 89(2):353-362.doi: 10.1890/06-2128.1
    [36] IPCC, 2007.Climate Change 2007.The Physical Science Basis.Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment re-port of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Cam-bridge:Cambridge University Press.
    [37] Jin Yinghua, Xu Jiawei, Liang Yu et al., 2013.Effects of volcanic interference on the vegetation distribution of Changbai Moun-tain.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 33(2):203-208. (in Chinese)
    [38] Jin Yinghua, Xu Jiawei, Liu Lina et al., 2016.Spatial distribution pattern and associations of dominant plant species in the alpine tundra of the Changbai Mountains.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 36(8):1212-1218. (in Chinese)
    [39] Jin Yinghua, Xu Jiawei, Wang Shaoxian et al., 2017.Distribution variations of dominant plant species in degraded shrub tundra on the western slope of the Changbai Mountains.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(11):3716-3723. (in Chinese)
    [40] Kazakis G, Ghosn D, Vogiatzakis I N et al., 2007.Vascular plant diversity and climate change in the alpine zone of the Lefka Ori, Crete.Biodiversity and Conservation, 16(6):1603-1615.doi: 10.1007/s10531-006-9021-1
    [41] Kelly A E, Goulden M L, 2008.Rapid shifts in plant distribution with recent climate change.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(33):11823-11826.doi: 10.1073/pnas.0802891105
    [42] Kessler M, 2000.Elevational gradients in species richness and endemism of selected plant groups in the central Bolivian Andes.Plant Ecology, 149(2):181-93.doi:10.1023/A:1026500 710274
    [43] Klanderud K, Birks H J B, 2003.Recent increases in species richness and shifts in altitudinal distributions of Norwegian mountain plants.The Holocene, 13(1):1-6.doi:10.1191/0959 683603hl589ft
    [44] Körner C, 1998.A re-assessment of high elevation treeline posi-tions and their explanation.Oecologia, 115(4):445-459.doi: 10.1007/s004420050540
    [45] Körner C, 2000.Why are there global gradients in species rich-ness? Mountains might hold the answer.Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15(12):513-514.doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(00) 02004-8
    [46] Körner C, Paulsen J, 2004.A world-wide study of high altitude treeline temperatures.Journal of Biogeography, 31(5):713-732.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2003.01043.x
    [47] Lesica P, McCune B, 2004.Decline of arctic-alpine plants at the southern margin of their range following a decade of climatic warming.Journal of Vegetation Science, 15(5):679-690.doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2004.tb02310.x
    [48] Lomolino M V, 2001.Elevation gradients of species-density:historical and prospective views.Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(1):3-13.doi: 10.1046/j.1466-822x.2001.00229.x
    [49] McDougall K L, Morgan J W, Walsh N G et al., 2005.Plant inva-sions in treeless vegetation of the Australian Alps.Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 7(3):159-171.doi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2005.09.001
    [50] Meng Xianxi, 1982.The alpine tundra soil on the Changbai Mountain of China.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2(1):57-64. (in Chinese)
    [51] Mitchell M G E, Cahill J F, Hik D S, 2009.Plant interactions are unimportant in a subarctic-alpine plant community.Ecology, 90(9):2360-2367.doi: 10.1890/08-0924.1
    [52] Moser D, Dullinger S, Englisch T et al., 2005.Environmental determinants of vascular plant species richness in the Austrian Alps.Journal of Biogeography, 32(7):1117-1127.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01265.x
    [53] Mueller-Dombois D, Ellenberg H, 1974.Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology.New York:John Wiley and Sons,
    [54] Myers-Smith I H, Forbes B C, Wilmking M et al., 2011.Shrub expansion in tundra ecosystems:Dynamics, impacts and re-search priorities.Environmental Research Letters, 6(4):045509.doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045509
    [55] Odland A, Birks H J B, 1999.The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway.Ecography, 22(5):548-566.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.1999.tb01285.x
    [56] Odland A, Høitomt T, Olsen S L, 2010.Increasing vascular plant richness on 13 high mountain summits in southern Norway since the early 1970s.Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 42(4):458-470.doi: 10.1657/1938-4246-42.4.458
    [57] Oommen M A, Shanker K, 2005.Elevational species richness patterns emerge from multiple local mechanisms in Himalayan woody plants.Ecology, 86(11):3039-47.doi: 10.1890/04-1837
    [58] Parmesan C, Yohe G, 2003.A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems.Nature, 421(6918):37-42.doi: 10.1038/nature01286
    [59] Parolo G, Rossi G, 2008.Upward migration of vascular plants following a climate warming trend in the Alps.Basic and Ap-plied Ecology, 9(2):100-107.doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2007.01.005
    [60] Pauli H, Gottfried M, Dullinger S et al., 2012.Recent plant diver-sity changes on Europe's mountain summits.Science, 336(6079):353-355.doi: 10.1126/science.1219033
    [61] Pauli H, Gottfried M, Dirnböck T et al., 2003.Assessing the long-term dynamics of endemic plants at summit habitats.In:Nagy L et al.(eds).Alpine Biodiversity in Europe.Berlin:Springer, 195-207.doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-18967-8_9
    [62] Pauli H, Gottfried M, Reiter K et al., 2007.Signals of range ex-pansions and contractions of vascular plants in the high Alps:observations (1994-2004) at the GLORIA master site Schrankogel, Tyrol, Austria.Global Change Biology, 13(1):147-156.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01282.x
    [63] Qian Jiaju, Zhang Wenzhong, 1980.A brief report on the research of the Changbaishan alpine tundra vegetation.Journal of Northeast Normal University (Natural Science Edition), (1):51-67. (in Chinese)
    [64] Qian Hong, 1990.Numerical classification and ordination of plant communities in the alpine tundra of Mt.Changbai.Journal of Applied Ecology, 1(3):254-263. (in Chinese)
    [65] Rahbek C, 1995.The elevational gradient of species richness-A uniform pattern.Ecography, 18(2):200-205.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.1995.tb00341.x
    [66] Ricklefs R E, 1989.Speciation and diversity:the integration of local and regional processes.In:Otte D and Endler J A (eds).Speciation and Its Consequences.Sunderland, MA, USA:Sinauer, 599-622.
    [67] Sammul M, Kull K, Oksanen L et al., 2000.Competition intensity and its importance:results of field experiments with An-thoxanthum odoratum.Oecologia, 125(1):18-25.doi: 10.1007/PL00008887
    [68] Scherrer D, Körner C, 2011.Topographically controlled ther-mal-habitat differentiation buffers alpine plant diversity against climate warming.Journal of Biogeography, 38(2):406-416.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02407.x
    [69] Shimono A, Zhou H K, Shen H H et al., 2010.Patterns of plant diversity at high altitudes on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plat-eau.Journal of Plant Ecology, 3(1):1-7.doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtq002
    [70] Stanisci A, Pelino G, Blasi C, 2005.Vascular plant diversity and climate change in the alpine belt of the central Apennines (Italy).Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(6):1301-1318.doi: 10.1007/s10531-004-9674-6
    [71] Symon C, Arris L, Heal B, 2005.Arctic Climate Impact Assess-ment.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
    [72] Theurillat J P, Guisan A, 2001.Potential impact of climate change on vegetation in the European Alps:A review.Climatic Change, 50(1-2):77-109.doi: 10.1023/A:1010632015572
    [73] Thuiller W, Richardson D M.Midgley G F, 2006.Will climate change promote alien plant invasions? In:Nentwig W (ed).Bi-ological Invasions.Berlin, Heidelberg:Springer, 193:197-211.doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-36920-2_12
    [74] Vittoz P, Rulence B, Largey T et al., 2008.Effects of climate and land-use change on the establishment and growth of Cembran Pine (Pinus cembra L.) over the altitudinal treeline ecotone in the Central Swiss Alps.Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40(1):225-232.doi:10.1657/1523-0430(06-010)[VITTOZ] 2.0.CO;2
    [75] von Haller A, 1742.Enumeratio Methodica Stirpium Helvetiae Indigenarum.Gottingae, DE:A Vanderhoek.
    [76] Walther G R, 2003.Plants in a warmer world.Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 6(3):169-185.doi: 10.1078/1433-8319-00076
    [77] Walther G R, Beißner S, Burga C A, 2005.Trends in the upward shift of alpine plants.Journal of Vegetation Science, 16(5):542-548.doi:1 0.1111/j.1654-1103.2005.tb02394.x
    [78] Wang X L, Feng Y, 2013.RHtestsV4 User Manual.Toronto, On-tario, Canada:Climate Research Division, Science and Tech-nology Branch, Environment Canada.http://etccdi.pacificclimate.org/software.shtml.
    [79] Wei J, Jiang P, Yu D Y et al., 2007.Distribution patterns of vege-tation biomass and nutrients bio-cycle in alpine tundra ecosystem on Changbai Mountains, Northeast China.Journal of Forestry Research, 18(4):271-278.doi: 10.1007/S11676-007-0055-3
    [80] Xu Jiawei, Zhang Feihu, 2010.Several main questions of physical geography research of Changbai Mountains.In Wang Yeqiao et al.(eds.).Geosystems and ecological security of the Changbai Mountainss:IV.Changchun:Northeast Normal University Press, 266-274. (in Chinese)
    [81] Yang Meihua, 1981.The climatic features of Changbaishan and its vertical climatic zone on the northern slop.Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 39(3):57-66. (in Chinese)
    [82] Zong Shengwei, Xu Jiawei, Wu Zhengfang, 2013.Investigation and mechanism analysis on the invasion of Deyeuxia.angusti-folia to tundra zone in western slope of Changbai Mountain.Journal of Mountain Science, 31(4):448-455. (in Chinese)
    [83] Zong Shengwei, Xu Jiawei, Wu Zhengfang et al., 2014.Analysis of the process and impacts of Deyeuxia angustifolia invasion on the Alpine Tundra, Changbai Mountain.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 34(23):6837-6846. (in Chinese)
  • [1] Xiaohui HE, Yipin YU, Zepeng CUI, Tian HE.  Climate Change and Ecological Projects Jointly Promote Vegetation Restoration in Three-River Source Region of China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2021, 31(6): 1108-1122. doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1245-1
    [2] JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Zhiwei, GU Xiaonan, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping.  Soil Microbial Community and Enzyme Activity Responses to Herbaceous Plant Expansion in the Changbai Mountains Tundra, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 29(6): 985-1000. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1067-6
    [3] YANG Xiaozhu, WEI Kai, CHEN Zhenhua, CHEN Lijun.  Soil Phosphorus Composition and Phosphatase Activities along Altitudes of Alpine Tundra in Changbai Mountains, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(1): 90-98. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0786-6
    [4] JIN Yinghua, XU Jiawei, WANG Yeqiao, WANG Shaoxian, CHEN Zhaoshuang, HUANG Xiangtong, NIU Lijun.  Effects of Nitrogen Deposition on Tundra Vegetation Undergoing Invasion by Deyeuxia angustifolia in Changbai Mountains . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(1): 99-108. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0746-1
    [5] ZONG Shengwei, XU Jiawei, Eckart DEGE, WU Zhengfang, HE Hongshi.  Effective Seed Distribution Pattern of an Upward Shift Species in Alpine Tundra of Changbai Mountains . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(1): 48-58. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0775-9
    [6] HE Xingyuan, XU Sheng, XU Wenduo, CHEN Wei, HUANG Yanqing, WEN Hua.  Effects of Climate Warming on Phenological Characteristics of Urban Forest in Shenyang City, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(1): 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0782-x
    [7] TANG Qian, LIANG Guofu, LU Xunling, DING Shengyan.  Effects of Corridor Networks on Plant Species Composition and Diversity in an Intensive Agriculture Landscape . Chinese Geographical Science, 2014, 0(1): 93-103. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0659-4
    [8] LIU Qinping, YANG Yongchun, TIAN Hongzhen, ZHANG Bo, GU Lei.  Assessment of Human Impacts on Vegetation in Built-up Areas in China Based on AVHRR, MODIS and DMSP_OLS Nighttime Light Data, 1992-2010 . Chinese Geographical Science, 2014, 0(2): 231-244. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0645-2
    [9] NING Baoying, YANG Xiaomei, CHANG Li.  Changes of Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in Hengduan Mountains, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1961–2008 . Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(4): 422-436.
    [10] LIANG Yu, HE Hong S, LEWIS Bernard L.  Responses of Tree Species to Climate Warming at Different Spatial Scales . Chinese Geographical Science, 2011, 21(4): 427-436.
    [11] LI Ming, WU Zhengfang, QIN Lijie, MENG Xiangjun.  Extracting Vegetation Phenology Metrics in Changbai Mountains Using an Improved Logistic Model . Chinese Geographical Science, 2011, 21(3): 304-311.
    [12] QIAO Zhihe, JIE Dongmei, LIU Hongmei, GE Yong, ZHANG Hongyan.  Morphological Characteristics and Environmental Implications of Phytoliths in Topsoils from Different Vegetation Zones on Northern Slope of Changbai Mountains,China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2010, 20(6): 506-512. doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0424-2
    [13] HUANG Fang, WANG Ping.  Vegetation Change of Ecotone in West of Northeast China Plain Using Time-series Remote Sensing Data . Chinese Geographical Science, 2010, 20(2): 167-175. doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0167-0
    [14] XU Weixin, LIU Xiaodong.  Response of Vegetation in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to Global Warming . Chinese Geographical Science, 2007, 17(2): 151-159. doi: 10.1007/s11769-007-0151-5
    [15] LI Ji, GONG Qiang, ZHAO Lian-wei.  CLIMATIC FEATURES OF SUMMER TEMPERATURE IN NORTHEAST CHINA UNDER WARMING BACKGROUND . Chinese Geographical Science, 2005, 15(4): 337-342.
    [16] YANG Xiao-lan, XU Qing-hai, ZHAO He-ping, LIANG Wen-dong, SUN Li ming.  VEGETATION CHANGES OF THE TAIHANG MOUNTAINS SINCE THE LAST GLACIAL . Chinese Geographical Science, 2000, 10(3): 261-269.
    [17] 张佳华, 孔昭宸.  STUDY ON VEGETATION AND CLIMATE CHANGES IN BEIJING REGION SINCE LATE PLEISTOCENE . Chinese Geographical Science, 1999, 9(3): 243-249.
    [18] 蔡运龙.  VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION OF CHINESE AGRICULTURE TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE . Chinese Geographical Science, 1997, 7(4): 289-301.
    [19] 邹春静, 徐文铎, 卜军.  INFLUENCE OF GLOBAL WARMING ON VEGETATION IN NORTHEAST CHINA . Chinese Geographical Science, 1997, 7(1): 68-78.
    [20] 陈家其, 施能.  THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON POSSIBLE SCENARIOS OF FLOOD AND DROUGHT IN CHINA IN THE CASE OF GLOBAL WARMING . Chinese Geographical Science, 1996, 6(2): 145-154.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  151
  • HTML全文浏览量:  7
  • PDF下载量:  286
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-13
  • 修回日期:  2017-12-21
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-27

Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571078, 41171072), Open Foundation of Changbai Scientific Research Academy (No. 201501)
    通讯作者: XU Jiawei.E-mail:xujw634@nenu.edu.cn

摘要: Vegetation in high altitude areas normally exhibits the strongest response to global warming. We investigated the tundra vegetation on the Changbai Mountains and revealed the similarities and differences between the north and the southwest slopes of the Changbai Mountains in response to global warming. Our results were as follows:1) The average temperatures in the growing season have increased from 1981 to 2015, the climate tendency rate was 0.38℃/10yr, and there was no obvious change in precipitation observed. 2) The tundra vegetation of the Changbai Mountains has changed significantly over the last 30 years. Specifically, herbaceous plants have invaded into the tundra zone, and the proportion of herbaceous plants was larger than that of shrubs. Shrub tundra was transforming into shrub-grass tundra. 3) The tundra vegetation in the north and southwest slopes of the Changbai Mountains responded differently to global warming. The southwest slope showed a significantly higher degree of invasion from herbaceous plants and exhibited greater vegetation change than the north slope. 4) The species diversity of plant communities on the tundra zone of the north slope changed unimodally with altitude, while that on the tundra zone of the southwest slope decreased monotonously with altitude. Differences in the degree of invasion from herbaceous plants resulted in differences in species diversity patterns between the north and southwest slopes. Differences in local microclimate, plant community successional stage and soil fertility resulted in differential responses of tundra vegetation to global warming.

English Abstract

JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
引用本文: JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
Citation: JIN Yinghua, ZHANG Yingjie, XU Jiawei, TAO Yan, HE Hongshi, GUO Meng, WANG Ailin, LIU Yuxia, NIU Liping. Comparative Assessment of Tundra Vegetation Changes Between North and Southwest Slopes of Changbai Mountains, China, in Response to Global Warming[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(4): 665-679. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0978-y
参考文献 (83)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回