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Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China

Leszek SOBKOWIAK LIU Changming

Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
引用本文: Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
Citation: Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6

Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
基金项目: Under the auspices of Fellowship for Young International Scientists of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 2010Y12A10)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    LIU Changming. E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn

Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China

Funds: Under the auspices of Fellowship for Young International Scientists of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 2010Y12A10)
More Information
    Corresponding author: LIU Changming. E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 摘要: Hydrological processes in river basins of similar size and morphology may differ significantly due to different climatic conditions. This paper presents a comparative analysis of hydrological characteristics of two river basins located in different climatic zones: the Wis?ok River Basin in the south-eastern Poland and the Chaohe River Basin in the northern China. The criteria of their choice were similarities in the basin area, main river length and topography. The results show that climate plays a key role in shaping fluvial conditions within the two basins. It is concluded that: 1) precipitation in the Wis?ok River Basin is more evenly distributed in the yearly cycle, while in the Chaohe River Basin it is highly concentrated in the few summer months; 2) spring snowmelt significantly contributes to runoff in the Wis?ok River Basin, while its role in the Chaohe River Basin is negligible; 3) in the Wis?ok River Basin, besides the peak flow in spring, there is also a period of high water in summer resulting from precipitation, while in the Chaohe River Basin there is only one high water period in summer; 4) the Wis?ok River Basin shows relatively higher stability in terms of the magnitude of intra- and inter-seasonal discharges; 5) during the multi-year observation period, a decrease in both precipitation and runoff was recorded in the two river basins.
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  • 收稿日期:  2013-02-05
  • 修回日期:  2013-04-22
  • 刊出日期:  2014-11-27

Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of Fellowship for Young International Scientists of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 2010Y12A10)
    通讯作者: LIU Changming. E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要: Hydrological processes in river basins of similar size and morphology may differ significantly due to different climatic conditions. This paper presents a comparative analysis of hydrological characteristics of two river basins located in different climatic zones: the Wis?ok River Basin in the south-eastern Poland and the Chaohe River Basin in the northern China. The criteria of their choice were similarities in the basin area, main river length and topography. The results show that climate plays a key role in shaping fluvial conditions within the two basins. It is concluded that: 1) precipitation in the Wis?ok River Basin is more evenly distributed in the yearly cycle, while in the Chaohe River Basin it is highly concentrated in the few summer months; 2) spring snowmelt significantly contributes to runoff in the Wis?ok River Basin, while its role in the Chaohe River Basin is negligible; 3) in the Wis?ok River Basin, besides the peak flow in spring, there is also a period of high water in summer resulting from precipitation, while in the Chaohe River Basin there is only one high water period in summer; 4) the Wis?ok River Basin shows relatively higher stability in terms of the magnitude of intra- and inter-seasonal discharges; 5) during the multi-year observation period, a decrease in both precipitation and runoff was recorded in the two river basins.

English Abstract

Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
引用本文: Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
Citation: Leszek SOBKOWIAK, LIU Changming. Comparative Mountain Hydrology: A Case Study of Wis?ok River in Poland and Chaohe River in China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0673-6
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