留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel

WANG Li CAO Xiaoshu LI Tao GAO Xingchuan

WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. 中国地理科学, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
引用本文: WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. 中国地理科学, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
Citation: WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8

Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel

doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41831284, 41501120), Special Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Provincial Government (No. 18JK0649), Scientific Research Project of Xi'an International Studies University (No. 18XWC24)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    WANG Li.E-mail:rwdlwangli@126.com

Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41831284, 41501120), Special Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Provincial Government (No. 18JK0649), Scientific Research Project of Xi'an International Studies University (No. 18XWC24)
More Information
    Corresponding author: WANG Li.E-mail:rwdlwangli@126.com
  • 摘要: A study of the accessibility of a city's scenic spots via different travel modes can contribute to optimization of tourism-related transportation while improving tourists' travel-related satisfaction levels and advancing tourism. We systematically analyzed the accessibility of 56 scenic spots in Xi'an City, China, via car and public transport travel modes using the real-time travel function of the Baidu Maps API (Application Programming Interface) along with spatial analysis methods and the modal accessibility gap index of scenic spots. We obtained the following results. First, maximum and minimum travel times using public transport exceeded those using cars. Moreover, the accessibility of scenic spots via cars and public transport presented a circular spatial pattern of increasing travel time from the center to the periphery. Contrasting with travel by public transport, car travel showed a clear time-space compression effect. Second, accessibility of the scenic spots via cars and public transport showed some spatial heterogeneity, with no clear advantages of car accessibility in the central urban area. However, advantages of car accessibility were increasingly evident moving from the center to the periphery. Third, whereas the correlation of the modal accessibility gap index of scenic spots in Xi'an with global space was significantly positive, local spatial interdependence was only evident in some inner city areas and in marginal areas. Moreover, spatial heterogeneity was evident in two regions but was insignificant in other areas, indicating that the spatial interdependence of the modal accessibility gap index in most scenic spots was not apparent in terms of the overall effect of public transport routes, road networks, and the distribution of scenic spots. The improvement of public transport coverage in marginal areas and the optimization of public transport routes in central urban areas are essential tasks for improving travel using public transport in the future.
  • [1] AlKahtani S J H, Xia J H, Veenendaaland B et al., 2015. Building a conceptual framework for determining individual differences of accessibility to tourist attractions. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16:28-42. doi: 10.1016/j.tmp.2015.05.002
    [2] Anselin L, 1995. Local indicators of spatial association-LISA. Geographical Analysis, 27(2):93-115. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-4632.1995.tb00338.x
    [3] Bao Jigang, Chu Yifang, 2012. Tourism Geography. 3rd ed. Bei-jing:Higher Education Press, 329. (in Chinese)
    [4] Bifulco G N, Leone S, 2014. Exploiting the accessibility concept for touristic mobility. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 111:432-439. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.076
    [5] Burns L D, Golob T F, 1976. The role of accessibility in basic transportation choice behavior. Transportation, 5(2):175-198. doi: 10.1007/BF00167272
    [6] Cao Fangdong, Huang Zhenfang, Wu Jiang et al., 2012. The rela-tionship between tourism efficiency measure and location ac-cessibility of Chinese national scenic areas. Acta Geographica Sinica, 67(12):1686-1697. (in Chinese)
    [7] China Industry Information Network, 2018. Analysis of tourist market reception and total income in Xi'an of China in 2017. Avalliable at http://www.chyxx.com/industry/201805/639733.html. 2018-05-11. (in Chinese)
    [8] Gaman G, R?c??an B, 2016. Transport accessibility as a factor for tourism flow augmentation. Case study:the Romanian health resorts. Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, 7(1):65-77. doi: 10.19188/07JSSP012016
    [9] Guo Jianke, Wang Shaobo, Wang Hui et al., 2016. Impact of Har-bin-Dalian high-speed railway on the spatial distribution of tourism supply and demand markets in Northeast China cities:based on the accessibility of the scenic spots. Progress in Ge-ography, 35(4):505-514. (in Chinese)
    [10] Hansen W G, 1959. How accessibility shapes land use. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 25(2):73-76. doi: 10.1080/01944365908978307
    [11] Hess D B, 2005. Access to employment for adults in poverty in the Buffalo-Niagara region. Urban Studies, 42(7):1177-1200. doi: 10.1080/00420980500121384
    [12] Hooper J, 2015. A destination too far? Modelling destination ac-cessibility and distance decay in tourism. GeoJournal, 80(1):33-46. doi: 10.1007/s10708-014-9536-z
    [13] Huang Yinghuai, Liu Xiaoping, Liu Yanping et al., 2018. Spatial and temporal accessibility analysis of urban parks based on Amap API by means of multiple transportation:a case study of Haizhu district in Guangzhou. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 34(6):50-57. (in Chinese)
    [14] Ingram D R, 1971. The concept of accessibility:a search for an operational form. Regional Studies, 5(2):101-107. doi: 10.1080/09595237100185131
    [15] Jiang Haibing, Liu Jianguo, Jiang Jinliang, 2014. An analysis of the accessibility of China's tourist attractions under the impact of high-speed railway. Tourism Tribune, 29(7):58-67. (in Chinese)
    [16] Jin Cheng, Lu Yuqi, Zhang Li et al., 2009. An analysis of accessi-bility of scenic spots based on land traffic network:a case study of Nanjing. Geographical Research, 28(1):246-258. (in Chinese)
    [17] Jin Cheng, Huang Zhenfang, 2012. Tourism regionalization in the Yangtze River Delta based on accessibility. Geographical Re-search, 31(4):745-757. (in Chinese)
    [18] Johnston R J, 2004. The Dictionary of Human Geography. Chai Yanwei, trans. Beijing:The Commercial Press. (in Chinese)
    [19] Kawabata M, Shen Q, 2007. Commuting inequality between cars and public transit:the case of the San Francisco bay area, 1990-2000. Urban Studies, 44(9):1759-1780. doi: 10.1080/00420980701426616
    [20] Kawabata M, 2009. Spatiotemporal dimensions of modal accessi-bility disparity in Boston and San Francisco. Environment and Planning A:Economy and Space, 41(1):183-198. doi: 10.1068/a4068
    [21] Kwok R C W, Yeh A G O, 2004. The use of modal accessibility gap as an indicator for sustainable transport development. En-vironment and Planning A:Economy and Space, 36(5):921-936. doi: 10.1068/a3673
    [22] Levinson D M, 1998. Accessibility and the journey to work. Journal of Transport Geography, 6(1):11-21. doi: 10.1016/S0966-6923(97)00036-7
    [23] Li Li, Wang Degen, 2012. The impact of urban low-carbon public transport to tourist attractions' accessibility-Suzhou city area as the example. Economic Geography, 32(3):166-172. (in Chinese)
    [24] Lv Tao, Cao Youhui, 2010. Construction of spatial autocorrelation method of spatial-temporal proximity and its application:taking regional economic disparity in the Yangtze River Delta as a case study. Geographical Research, 29(2):351-360. (in Chinese)
    [25] Moran P A P, 1948. The interpretation of statistical maps. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B, 10(2):243-251.
    [26] Pan Jinghu, Cong Yibo, 2014. Tourism regionalization in China based on spatial accessibility of A-grade scenic spots. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 34(10):1161-1168. (in Chinese)
    [27] Pan Jinghu, Li Junfeng, 2014. Spatial distribution characteristics and accessibility of A-grade tourist attractions in China. Journal of Natural Resources, 29(1):55-66. (in Chinese)
    [28] Qin Wenmin, Zhang Xiaolei, Yang Zhaoping et al., 2015. Acces-sibility of tourism transport based on link performance func-tion-a case of 3A tourism scenic spots in Xinjiang. Arid Zone Research, 32(2):361-367. (in Chinese)
    [29] Salonen M, Toivonen T, 2013. Modelling travel time in urban networks:comparable measures for private car and public transport. Journal of Transport Geography, 31:143-153. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.06.011
    [30] Shen Q, 2001. A spatial analysis of job openings and access in a U.S. metropolitan area. Journal of the American Planning As-sociation, 67(1):53-68. doi: 10.1080/01944360108976355
    [31] Silva C, Pinho P, 2010. The structural accessibility layer (SAL):revealing how urban structure constrains travel choice. Envi-ronment and Planning A:Economy and Space, 42(11):2735-2752. doi: 10.1068/a42477
    [32] Sun Jianwei, Tian Ye, Cui Jiaxing et al., 2017. Identification of tourism spatial structure and measurement of tourism spatial accessibility in Hubei Province. Economic Geography, 37(4):208-217. (in Chinese)
    [33] Tóth G, Dávid L, 2010. Tourism and accessibility:an integrated approach. Applied Geography, 30(4):666-677. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.01.008
    [34] Xi'an Local Chronicle Office, 2017. Xi'an Yearbook (2016). Xi'an:World Publishing Xi'an Co. Ltd. 188-192. (in Chinese)
    [35] Xi'an Local Chronicle Office, 2018. Xi'an Yearbook (2017). Xi'an:World Publishing Xi'an Co. Ltd. 189-193. (in Chinese)
    [36] Yang Ming, Zhang Rui, 2016. In 2016, The tourism revenue of Xi'an reached 120 billion yuan and tourists reached 150 million. Xi'an News Network. Avaliable at http://www.china.com.cn/travel/txt/2016-12/17/content_39932639.htm. 2016-12-17. (in Chinese)
    [37] Uchiyama Y, Kohsaka R, 2016. Cognitive value of tourism re-sources and their relationship with accessibility:a case of Noto region, Japan. Tourism Management Perspectives, 19:61-68. doi: 10.1016/j.tmp.2016.03.006
    [38] Yang W Y, Chen B Y, Cao X S et al., 2017. The spatial charac-teristics and influencing factors of modal accessibility gaps:a case study for Guangzhou, China. Journal of Transport Ge-ography, 60:21-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.02.005
    [39] Yang Xiaozhong, Feng Lixin, Zhang Kai, 2013. The impact of transportation on accessibility of tourism scenic region of cross-border tourism region:a case study of Dabieshan Moun-tain. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 33(6):693-702. (in Chinese)
    [40] Zhang Qi, Xie Shuangyu, Wang Xiaofang et al., 2015. Evaluation on the accessibility of the scenic spots in Wuhan based on the spatial syntax. Economic Geography, 35(8):200-208. (in Chinese)
    [41] Zhong Yexi, Liu Ying, Lai Geying, 2011. The study on accessi-bility and spatial structures for red tourist attractions in Jiangxi province. Journal of Jiangxi Normal University (Natural Sci-ence), 35(2):208-212. (in Chinese)
  • [1] Chen CHEN, Lin CHENG, Chunliang XIU, Jiuquan LI.  Spatial Mismatch or Not? Evidence from Public Janitors in Xi ’an, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2021, 31(2): 376-386. doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1194-8
    [2] Donghua WANG, Xiaoshu CAO, Xiaoyan HUANG.  Equity of Accessibility to Health Care Services and Identification of Underserved Areas . Chinese Geographical Science, 2021, 31(1): 167-180. doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1181-0
    [3] Wen WU, Yiquan WANG.  Evaluation and Promotion of the Service Capacity of Urban Public Open Spaces Based on Improving Accessibility: A Case Study of Shenyang City, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2021, 31(6): 1045-1056. doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1238-0
    [4] ZHANG Suwen, LI Chenggu, MA Zuopeng, LI Xin.  Influences of Different Transport Routes and Road Nodes on Industrial Land Conversion: A Case Study of Changchun City of Jilin Province, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(3): 544-556. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1126-z
    [5] LI Ang, CHEN Jie, QIAN Tianlu, ZHANG Wenhan, WANG Jiechen.  Spatial Accessibility to Shopping Malls in Nanjing, China: Comparative Analysis with Multiple Transportation Modes . Chinese Geographical Science, 2020, 30(4): 710-724. doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1127-y
    [6] CAO Xiaoshu, OUYANG Shishu, YANG Wenyue, LUO Yi, LI Baochao, LIU Dan.  Transport Accessibility and Spatial Connections of Cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area . Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 20(5): 820-833. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1034-2
    [7] ZHAO Meifeng, LIU Shenghe, QI Wei.  Spatial Differentiation and Influencing Mechanism of Medical Care Accessibility in Beijing: A Migrant Equality Perspective . Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(2): 353-362. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0950-x
    [8] YANG Jun, BAO Yajun, ZHANG Yuqing, LI Xueming, GE Quansheng.  Impact of Accessibility on Housing Prices in Dalian City of China Based on a Geographically Weighted Regression Model . Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 505-515. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0954-6
    [9] LIU Daqian, LO Kevin, SONG Wei, XIE Chunyan.  Spatial Patterns of Car Sales and Their Socio-economic Attributes in China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(5): 684-696. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0902-x
    [10] JIAO Jingjuan, WANG Jiaoe, JIN Fengjun, DU Chao.  Understanding Relationship Between Accessibility and Economic Growth: A Case Study from China (1990-2010) . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(6): 803-816. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0831-0
    [11] LIU Yaolin, YE Qingqing, LI Jiwei, KONG Xuesong, JIAO Limin.  Suitability Evaluation of Rural Settlements Based on Accessibility of Production and Living: A Case Study of Tingzu Town in Hubei Province of China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(4): 550-565. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0771-0
    [12] TANG Xuguang, LI Hengpeng, LIU Guihua, LI Xinyan, YAO Li, XIE Jing, CHANG Shouzhi.  Sensitivity of Near Real-time MODIS Gross Primary Productivity in Terrestrial Forests Based on Eddy Covariance Measurements . Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(5): 537-548. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0777-7
    [13] YANG Jun, LI Chuang, LI Yuechen, XI Jianhao, GE Quansheng, LI Xueming.  Urban Green Space, Uneven Development and Accessibility: A Case of Dalian's Xigang District . Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(5): 644-656. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0781-y
    [14] HAN Huiran, YANG Chengfeng, WANG Enru, SONG Jinping, ZHANG Meng.  Evolution of Jobs-housing Spatial Relationship in Beijing Metropolitan Area:A Job Accessibility Perspective . Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(3): 375-388. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0738-1
    [15] WANG Baozhong, HE Ping, AN Shuqing, et al..  Modeling Scenic Quality of Wetland Landscape Resources in South Dongting Lake, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2012, 22(5): 578-589.
    [16] CAO Xiaoshu, CHEN Hemei, LI Linna, ZHEN Feng.  Private Car Travel Characteristics and Influencing Factors in Chinese Cities——A Case Study of Guangzhou in Guangdong, China . Chinese Geographical Science, 2009, 19(4): 325-332. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0325-4
    [17] WONG Koon-kwai, Manfred DOMROES.  USERS′ PERCEPTION OF KOWLOON PARK, HONG KONG:VISITING PATTERNS AND SCENIC ASPECTS . Chinese Geographical Science, 2004, 14(3): 269-275.
    [18] GAO Jian-hua, GAO Shu, CHENG Yan, DONG Li-xian, ZHANG Jing.  SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN YALU RIVER ESTUARY . Chinese Geographical Science, 2003, 13(2): 157-163.
    [19] 康慕谊, 江源.  ON THE DISCORDANT URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN XI'AN CITY . Chinese Geographical Science, 1999, 9(2): 113-119.
    [20] 王德忠, 庄仁兴.  AN APPROACH TO QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC LINKS──A Case Study on Economic Links Between Su-Xi-Chang Region and Shanghai . Chinese Geographical Science, 1997, 7(2): 149-156.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  76
  • HTML全文浏览量:  0
  • PDF下载量:  173
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-09-25
  • 修回日期:  2018-11-20
  • 刊出日期:  2019-10-27

Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel

doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41831284, 41501120), Special Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Provincial Government (No. 18JK0649), Scientific Research Project of Xi'an International Studies University (No. 18XWC24)
    通讯作者: WANG Li.E-mail:rwdlwangli@126.com

摘要: A study of the accessibility of a city's scenic spots via different travel modes can contribute to optimization of tourism-related transportation while improving tourists' travel-related satisfaction levels and advancing tourism. We systematically analyzed the accessibility of 56 scenic spots in Xi'an City, China, via car and public transport travel modes using the real-time travel function of the Baidu Maps API (Application Programming Interface) along with spatial analysis methods and the modal accessibility gap index of scenic spots. We obtained the following results. First, maximum and minimum travel times using public transport exceeded those using cars. Moreover, the accessibility of scenic spots via cars and public transport presented a circular spatial pattern of increasing travel time from the center to the periphery. Contrasting with travel by public transport, car travel showed a clear time-space compression effect. Second, accessibility of the scenic spots via cars and public transport showed some spatial heterogeneity, with no clear advantages of car accessibility in the central urban area. However, advantages of car accessibility were increasingly evident moving from the center to the periphery. Third, whereas the correlation of the modal accessibility gap index of scenic spots in Xi'an with global space was significantly positive, local spatial interdependence was only evident in some inner city areas and in marginal areas. Moreover, spatial heterogeneity was evident in two regions but was insignificant in other areas, indicating that the spatial interdependence of the modal accessibility gap index in most scenic spots was not apparent in terms of the overall effect of public transport routes, road networks, and the distribution of scenic spots. The improvement of public transport coverage in marginal areas and the optimization of public transport routes in central urban areas are essential tasks for improving travel using public transport in the future.

English Abstract

WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. 中国地理科学, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
引用本文: WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. 中国地理科学, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
Citation: WANG Li, CAO Xiaoshu, LI Tao, GAO Xingchuan. Accessibility Comparison and Spatial Differentiation of Xi'an Scenic Spots with Different Modes Based on Baidu Real-time Travel[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2019, 20(5): 848-860. doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1073-8
参考文献 (41)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回