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Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County

ZHANG Jinping ZUO Feng ZHOU Yanmei ZHAI Mengxiao MEI Lin FU Yidi CHENG Yeqing

ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
引用本文: ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
Citation: ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9

Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41661028), Natural Science Foundation of Hainan (No. 417099), Science and Technology Plan Project of Colleges and Universities of Shandong (No. J14LH04)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    CHENG Yeqing.E-mail:34794249@qq.com

Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41661028), Natural Science Foundation of Hainan (No. 417099), Science and Technology Plan Project of Colleges and Universities of Shandong (No. J14LH04)
More Information
    Corresponding author: CHENG Yeqing.E-mail:34794249@qq.com
  • 摘要: Rural poverty and poverty reduction are not only the focal issues that have attracted worldwide attention, but also the vital issues on people's livelihood that has attached great importance and aimed to be solved by the central and local governments of China. Based on the survey data of 354 farming households, this paper, taking the national poverty county of Lingao County, Hainan Province for an example, examined the characteristics of rural poverty of the county. Moreover, this paper established the spatial lag model (SLM) from five dimensions, namely, status of the household head, household structure, health status, income composition and traffic accessibility, to analyze the main influencing factors of rural poverty according to the values of Moran's I and the diagnosis of spatial dependence of the OLS model. It is found that the poor farming households gathered mainly in five towns in the north and southwest of the county, and the rural poverty have the characteristics of low educational level of the heads, more minor children, high population of farming peasants, high incidence of disease and low proportion of household wage-equivalent income. The results also showed that the variables such as the number of minor children, the number of migrant worker, the number of farming peasants and the proportion of wage-equivalent income have significant effectiveness on rural poverty, while the status of the household head, health status and traffic accessibility have little influence. It is an important way to realize the goal of poverty alleviation by controlling the number of farmers' fertility, strengthening the vocational skills training of farmers, vigorously developing specialization and large-scale agriculture and increasing the employment opportunities of farmers.
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Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41661028), Natural Science Foundation of Hainan (No. 417099), Science and Technology Plan Project of Colleges and Universities of Shandong (No. J14LH04)
    通讯作者: CHENG Yeqing.E-mail:34794249@qq.com

摘要: Rural poverty and poverty reduction are not only the focal issues that have attracted worldwide attention, but also the vital issues on people's livelihood that has attached great importance and aimed to be solved by the central and local governments of China. Based on the survey data of 354 farming households, this paper, taking the national poverty county of Lingao County, Hainan Province for an example, examined the characteristics of rural poverty of the county. Moreover, this paper established the spatial lag model (SLM) from five dimensions, namely, status of the household head, household structure, health status, income composition and traffic accessibility, to analyze the main influencing factors of rural poverty according to the values of Moran's I and the diagnosis of spatial dependence of the OLS model. It is found that the poor farming households gathered mainly in five towns in the north and southwest of the county, and the rural poverty have the characteristics of low educational level of the heads, more minor children, high population of farming peasants, high incidence of disease and low proportion of household wage-equivalent income. The results also showed that the variables such as the number of minor children, the number of migrant worker, the number of farming peasants and the proportion of wage-equivalent income have significant effectiveness on rural poverty, while the status of the household head, health status and traffic accessibility have little influence. It is an important way to realize the goal of poverty alleviation by controlling the number of farmers' fertility, strengthening the vocational skills training of farmers, vigorously developing specialization and large-scale agriculture and increasing the employment opportunities of farmers.

English Abstract

ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
引用本文: ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
Citation: ZHANG Jinping, ZUO Feng, ZHOU Yanmei, ZHAI Mengxiao, MEI Lin, FU Yidi, CHENG Yeqing. Analyzing Influencing Factors of Rural Poverty in Typical Poverty Areas of Hainan Province: A Case Study of Lingao County[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(6): 1061-1076. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-1008-9
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