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Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment

LIANG Yinxiu CHENG Xianwei ZHU Hui Brian SHUTES YAN Baixing ZHOU Qingwei YU Xiangfei

LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
引用本文: LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
Citation: LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z

Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Key Basic Research Program of China (No. 2013CB430401), National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0500404-4), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (No. 2017274)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    ZHU Hui.E-mail:zhuhui@iga.ac.cn

Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment

Funds: Under the auspices of National Key Basic Research Program of China (No. 2013CB430401), National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0500404-4), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (No. 2017274)
More Information
    Corresponding author: ZHU Hui.E-mail:zhuhui@iga.ac.cn
  • 摘要: The rapid development of mariculture in China in recent decades has satisfied people's demand of seafood, and has made a great contribution to economic development. However, mariculture has also caused some negative impacts on the eco-environment. By statistically analyzing national data (as well as data for four main provinces) regarding the mariculture area and cultivation species in China since reform and opening up, the historical evolution of mariculture during the past 40 years was analyzed, the driving factors related to policy, market and technology innovation were discussed, and the potential impacts of mariculture on the coastal eco-environment were also illustrated. The statistical results indicated that the maricultural area increased radically during the past 40 years, from 1979 (116.47×103 ha) to 2012 (2205.65×103 ha), with an increase of nearly 20-fold. Shandong Province represented the fastest-growing region, with an increase of 31-fold. Moreover, the cultivated species had gradually become diversified. Initially, shellfish and algae were major species, and then it developed to various species including fish, and currently shellfish and crustaceans were the major species. The development of mariculture was driven by government policies, market economy and technology innovation. Rapid development of mariculture also caused significantly adverse impacts on the eco-environment of the coastal regions. For example, the sea reclamation for mariculture decreased the area and function of coastal wetlands and the contaminants originating from mariculture destroyed the coastal aquatic environment. Fortunately, the implementation of ‘13th Five-Year Fisheries Planning’ is expected to help both improve the seafood quality and reduce the contamination in coastal aquatic environment. This current study will provide reference for management and structure adjustment of mariculture in the future.
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Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Key Basic Research Program of China (No. 2013CB430401), National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0500404-4), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (No. 2017274)
    通讯作者: ZHU Hui.E-mail:zhuhui@iga.ac.cn

摘要: The rapid development of mariculture in China in recent decades has satisfied people's demand of seafood, and has made a great contribution to economic development. However, mariculture has also caused some negative impacts on the eco-environment. By statistically analyzing national data (as well as data for four main provinces) regarding the mariculture area and cultivation species in China since reform and opening up, the historical evolution of mariculture during the past 40 years was analyzed, the driving factors related to policy, market and technology innovation were discussed, and the potential impacts of mariculture on the coastal eco-environment were also illustrated. The statistical results indicated that the maricultural area increased radically during the past 40 years, from 1979 (116.47×103 ha) to 2012 (2205.65×103 ha), with an increase of nearly 20-fold. Shandong Province represented the fastest-growing region, with an increase of 31-fold. Moreover, the cultivated species had gradually become diversified. Initially, shellfish and algae were major species, and then it developed to various species including fish, and currently shellfish and crustaceans were the major species. The development of mariculture was driven by government policies, market economy and technology innovation. Rapid development of mariculture also caused significantly adverse impacts on the eco-environment of the coastal regions. For example, the sea reclamation for mariculture decreased the area and function of coastal wetlands and the contaminants originating from mariculture destroyed the coastal aquatic environment. Fortunately, the implementation of ‘13th Five-Year Fisheries Planning’ is expected to help both improve the seafood quality and reduce the contamination in coastal aquatic environment. This current study will provide reference for management and structure adjustment of mariculture in the future.

English Abstract

LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
引用本文: LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. 中国地理科学, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
Citation: LIANG Yinxiu, CHENG Xianwei, ZHU Hui, Brian SHUTES, YAN Baixing, ZHOU Qingwei, YU Xiangfei. Historical Evolution of Mariculture in China During Past 40 Years and Its Impacts on Eco-environment[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0940-z
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