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Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region

JIANG Ziran ZHU Huayou CAO Youhui

JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
引用本文: JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
Citation: JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z

Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271136, 41501142)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    CAO Youhui.E-mail:yhcao@niglac.ac.cn

Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271136, 41501142)
More Information
    Corresponding author: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
  • 摘要: This paper measures the efficiency of ports in the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRDR) in 2008 and 2013 using port berth quantity, quay length, and human resources as input indicators, using cargo and container throughput as output indicators, and considering traditional (foreign trade dependence and industrialization level) and modern environmental factors (traffic line density, financial development level, and informatization level). To achieve such aim, this study constructs a multi-stage data envelopment analysis model (DEA) that identifies effective port decision-making units (DMUs) and generates a highly accurate conclusion by eliminating the interference from the exogenous environment and random errors. First, the external environment significantly affects port efficiency, with the traditional environmental factors showing huge fluctuations and the modern environmental factors producing great benefits. Second, the efficiency of ports in YRDR has increased from 2008 to 2013 primarily because of their pure technical efficiency. Third, the weighted standard deviation ellipse (SDE) analysis results reveal that the efficiency pattern of ports significantly deviates from their throughput pattern, while the center of SDE of port efficiency moves from the eastern coastal regions to the northwest regions. Based on these findings, this paper proposes spatial development strategies for YRDR, such as creating an unblocked environment where spatial elements can freely circulate, intensifying port-city joint development, implementing differentiated policies, and focusing on the spatial collaboration of port efficiency.
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-04-25
  • 修回日期:  2016-08-19
  • 刊出日期:  2017-04-27

Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271136, 41501142)
    通讯作者: CAO Youhui.E-mail:yhcao@niglac.ac.cn

摘要: This paper measures the efficiency of ports in the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRDR) in 2008 and 2013 using port berth quantity, quay length, and human resources as input indicators, using cargo and container throughput as output indicators, and considering traditional (foreign trade dependence and industrialization level) and modern environmental factors (traffic line density, financial development level, and informatization level). To achieve such aim, this study constructs a multi-stage data envelopment analysis model (DEA) that identifies effective port decision-making units (DMUs) and generates a highly accurate conclusion by eliminating the interference from the exogenous environment and random errors. First, the external environment significantly affects port efficiency, with the traditional environmental factors showing huge fluctuations and the modern environmental factors producing great benefits. Second, the efficiency of ports in YRDR has increased from 2008 to 2013 primarily because of their pure technical efficiency. Third, the weighted standard deviation ellipse (SDE) analysis results reveal that the efficiency pattern of ports significantly deviates from their throughput pattern, while the center of SDE of port efficiency moves from the eastern coastal regions to the northwest regions. Based on these findings, this paper proposes spatial development strategies for YRDR, such as creating an unblocked environment where spatial elements can freely circulate, intensifying port-city joint development, implementing differentiated policies, and focusing on the spatial collaboration of port efficiency.

English Abstract

JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
引用本文: JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
Citation: JIANG Ziran, ZHU Huayou, CAO Youhui. Efficiency Pattern and Spatial Strategy of Ports in Yangtze River Delta Region[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 298-310. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0864-z
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