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Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China

YE Xin LIU Guohua LI Zongshan GONG Li WANG Meng WANG Hao

YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
引用本文: YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
Citation: YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1

Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Science & Technology Pillar Program During the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period (No. 2011BAC09B08)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    LIU Guohua.E-mail:ghliu@rcees.ac.cn

Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China

Funds: Under the auspices of National Science & Technology Pillar Program During the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period (No. 2011BAC09B08)
More Information
    Corresponding author: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
  • 摘要: Protected areas (PAs) have experienced explosive growth in Northwest China over the last three decades, but their effectiveness in representing regional ecological system diversity has not attracted considerable attention. Low effectiveness would exacerbate the conservation-development conflicts, particularly those that arise as a result of the Great Western Development Strategy (GWDS). Thus, an assessment of the effectiveness of the PA network has become quite important. We proposed natural vegetation communities to represent regional ecological system diversities, and proposed Global 200 Priority Ecoregions, Important Bird Areas, and ecosystem function regions to represent important conservation areas. To determine their effectiveness, we studied the extent to which ecological system diversities and important conservation areas are represented by the existing 96 PAs. Our results indicated that the total coverage of vegetation communities in PAs in Northwest China is not sufficiently comprehensive. As the PA system has expanded, the growth in the total area of the PAs has been greater than that of their vegetation community richness. While most of the important conservation areas are covered by PAs, some regions have not yet reached the 10% threshold; further, PAs are distributed unevenly and conservation gaps remain in the region. Therefore, these regions should receive more attention when planning new PAs. It is vital that more biodiversity datasets and assessment of ecosystem function regions are integrated in order to provide a basis for the government to formulate appropriate protection and development strategies.
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Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Science & Technology Pillar Program During the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period (No. 2011BAC09B08)
    通讯作者: LIU Guohua.E-mail:ghliu@rcees.ac.cn

摘要: Protected areas (PAs) have experienced explosive growth in Northwest China over the last three decades, but their effectiveness in representing regional ecological system diversity has not attracted considerable attention. Low effectiveness would exacerbate the conservation-development conflicts, particularly those that arise as a result of the Great Western Development Strategy (GWDS). Thus, an assessment of the effectiveness of the PA network has become quite important. We proposed natural vegetation communities to represent regional ecological system diversities, and proposed Global 200 Priority Ecoregions, Important Bird Areas, and ecosystem function regions to represent important conservation areas. To determine their effectiveness, we studied the extent to which ecological system diversities and important conservation areas are represented by the existing 96 PAs. Our results indicated that the total coverage of vegetation communities in PAs in Northwest China is not sufficiently comprehensive. As the PA system has expanded, the growth in the total area of the PAs has been greater than that of their vegetation community richness. While most of the important conservation areas are covered by PAs, some regions have not yet reached the 10% threshold; further, PAs are distributed unevenly and conservation gaps remain in the region. Therefore, these regions should receive more attention when planning new PAs. It is vital that more biodiversity datasets and assessment of ecosystem function regions are integrated in order to provide a basis for the government to formulate appropriate protection and development strategies.

English Abstract

YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
引用本文: YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
Citation: YE Xin, LIU Guohua, LI Zongshan, GONG Li, WANG Meng, WANG Hao. Evaluation of Ecological Effectiveness of Protected Areas in Northwest China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2017, 27(2): 259-272. doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0854-1
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