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Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013

YAN Baixing GUAN Jiunian Vladimir SHESTERKIN ZHU Hui

YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. 中国地理科学, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
引用本文: YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. 中国地理科学, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
Citation: YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8

Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013

doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271499, 41471406)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    YAN Baixing.E-mail:yanbx@neigae.ac.cn

Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271499, 41471406)
More Information
    Corresponding author: YAN Baixing.E-mail:yanbx@neigae.ac.cn
  • 摘要: As a key factor limiting primary productivity in marine ecosystem, dissolved iron (DFe) export from fluvial systems has increased recently. There is particular concern about discharges of DFe during extreme flooding, when they are thought to increase considerably. An extreme flood event that caused inundation of extensive areas of Far Eastern Russia and Northeastern China occurred in the basin of the Amur River during summer and autumn 2013. During this event, water samples were collected in the middle reaches of the Amur River and the lower reaches at Khabarovsk City and analyzed for DFe concentrations and other aquatic parameters. The results show that the average DFe concentrations in the middle reaches of the Amur River (right bank) and at Khabarovsk were 1.11 mg/L and 0.32 mg/L, respectively, during the extreme flood in 2013. The total discharge of DFe during the flood event was 6.25×104 t. The high discharge of DFe during the flood reflects the elevated discharge of the river, hydrologically connected riparian wetlands, vast quantities of terrestrial runoff, and flood discharges from the Zeya and Bureya reservoirs. These results show that long-term monitoring is needed to identify and assess the impacts of DFe transport on the downstream reaches, estuarine area, and coastal ecosystems of the Amur River.
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Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013

doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271499, 41471406)
    通讯作者: YAN Baixing.E-mail:yanbx@neigae.ac.cn

摘要: As a key factor limiting primary productivity in marine ecosystem, dissolved iron (DFe) export from fluvial systems has increased recently. There is particular concern about discharges of DFe during extreme flooding, when they are thought to increase considerably. An extreme flood event that caused inundation of extensive areas of Far Eastern Russia and Northeastern China occurred in the basin of the Amur River during summer and autumn 2013. During this event, water samples were collected in the middle reaches of the Amur River and the lower reaches at Khabarovsk City and analyzed for DFe concentrations and other aquatic parameters. The results show that the average DFe concentrations in the middle reaches of the Amur River (right bank) and at Khabarovsk were 1.11 mg/L and 0.32 mg/L, respectively, during the extreme flood in 2013. The total discharge of DFe during the flood event was 6.25×104 t. The high discharge of DFe during the flood reflects the elevated discharge of the river, hydrologically connected riparian wetlands, vast quantities of terrestrial runoff, and flood discharges from the Zeya and Bureya reservoirs. These results show that long-term monitoring is needed to identify and assess the impacts of DFe transport on the downstream reaches, estuarine area, and coastal ecosystems of the Amur River.

English Abstract

YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. 中国地理科学, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
引用本文: YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. 中国地理科学, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
Citation: YAN Baixing, GUAN Jiunian, Vladimir SHESTERKIN, ZHU Hui. Variations of Dissolved Iron in the Amur River During an Extreme Flood Event in 2013[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2016, 26(5): 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0828-8
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