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Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China

XU Xiuli ZHANG Qi TAN Zhiqiang LI Yunliang WANG Xiaolong

XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
引用本文: XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
Citation: XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x

Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41371062), Collaborative Innovation Center for Major Ecological Security Issues of Jiangxi Province and Monitoring Implementation (No. JXS-EW-00), National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB417003), Science Foundation of Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. NIGLAS2012135001)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    ZHANG Qi. E-mail: qzhang@niglas.ac.cn

Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41371062), Collaborative Innovation Center for Major Ecological Security Issues of Jiangxi Province and Monitoring Implementation (No. JXS-EW-00), National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB417003), Science Foundation of Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. NIGLAS2012135001)
More Information
    Corresponding author: ZHANG Qi. E-mail: qzhang@niglas.ac.cn
  • 摘要: Hydrological regime has been widely recognized as one of the major forces determining vegetation distribution in seasonally flooded wetland. Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, has been encountering dramatic changes in hydrological conditions in last decade, which greatly influenced the wetland vegetations. To explore the relationships between hydrology and vegetation distribution, water-table depth, soil moisture, species composition, diversity and biomass were measured at a seasonally flooded wetland section at Wucheng National Nature Reserve. Three plant communities, Artemisia capillaris, Phragmites australis and Carex cinerascens communities, were examined which are zonally distributed from upland to lakeshore with decreasing elevation. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), spearmen correlation and logistic regression were adopted to analyze the relationships between vegetation characteristics and hydrological variables of water-table depth and soil moisture. Results show that significant hydrological gradient exist along the wetland transect. Water-table demonstrates a seasonal variation and is consistently deepest in A. capillaris community (ranging from -0.5 m above ground to +10.3 m below ground), intermediate in P. australis community (-2.6 m to +7.8 m) and shallowest in C. cinerascens community (-4.5 m to +6.1 m). Soil moisture is lowest and most variable in A. capillaris community, highest and least variable in P. australis community, and intermediate and moderate variable in C. cinerascens community. The CCA ordination indicated that variables of water-table depth and soil moisture are strongly related to community distribution, which explained 81.7% of the vegetation variations. Species diversity indices are significantly positively correlated with soil moisture and negatively correlated with moisture variability, while above-and belowground biomass are positively correlated with moisture. Above-and belowground biomass present Gaussian models along the gradient of average water-table depth in growing season, while species diversity indices show bimodal patterns. The optimal average water-table depths for above-and belowground biomass are 0.8 m and 0.5 m, respectively, and are 2.2 m and 2.4 m for species richness and Shannon-Wiener indices, respectively. Outcomes of this work improved the understandings of the relationship between hydrology and vegetation.
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  • 收稿日期:  2014-08-26
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-29
  • 刊出日期:  2015-06-27

Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41371062), Collaborative Innovation Center for Major Ecological Security Issues of Jiangxi Province and Monitoring Implementation (No. JXS-EW-00), National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB417003), Science Foundation of Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. NIGLAS2012135001)
    通讯作者: ZHANG Qi. E-mail: qzhang@niglas.ac.cn

摘要: Hydrological regime has been widely recognized as one of the major forces determining vegetation distribution in seasonally flooded wetland. Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, has been encountering dramatic changes in hydrological conditions in last decade, which greatly influenced the wetland vegetations. To explore the relationships between hydrology and vegetation distribution, water-table depth, soil moisture, species composition, diversity and biomass were measured at a seasonally flooded wetland section at Wucheng National Nature Reserve. Three plant communities, Artemisia capillaris, Phragmites australis and Carex cinerascens communities, were examined which are zonally distributed from upland to lakeshore with decreasing elevation. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), spearmen correlation and logistic regression were adopted to analyze the relationships between vegetation characteristics and hydrological variables of water-table depth and soil moisture. Results show that significant hydrological gradient exist along the wetland transect. Water-table demonstrates a seasonal variation and is consistently deepest in A. capillaris community (ranging from -0.5 m above ground to +10.3 m below ground), intermediate in P. australis community (-2.6 m to +7.8 m) and shallowest in C. cinerascens community (-4.5 m to +6.1 m). Soil moisture is lowest and most variable in A. capillaris community, highest and least variable in P. australis community, and intermediate and moderate variable in C. cinerascens community. The CCA ordination indicated that variables of water-table depth and soil moisture are strongly related to community distribution, which explained 81.7% of the vegetation variations. Species diversity indices are significantly positively correlated with soil moisture and negatively correlated with moisture variability, while above-and belowground biomass are positively correlated with moisture. Above-and belowground biomass present Gaussian models along the gradient of average water-table depth in growing season, while species diversity indices show bimodal patterns. The optimal average water-table depths for above-and belowground biomass are 0.8 m and 0.5 m, respectively, and are 2.2 m and 2.4 m for species richness and Shannon-Wiener indices, respectively. Outcomes of this work improved the understandings of the relationship between hydrology and vegetation.

English Abstract

XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
引用本文: XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
Citation: XU Xiuli, ZHANG Qi, TAN Zhiqiang, LI Yunliang, WANG Xiaolong. Effects of Water-table Depth and Soil Moisture on Plant Biomass, Diversity, and Distribution at a Seasonally Flooded Wetland of Poyang Lake, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2015, 25(6): 739-756. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0774-x
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