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Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China

ZHAO Ying CHAI Yanwei

ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
引用本文: ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
Citation: ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7

Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
基金项目: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40671058, 41071102), National ‘Twelfth Five-Year' Plan for Science and Technology Support (No. 2012BAJ 05B04)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    CHAI Yanwei. E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn

Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China

Funds: Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40671058, 41071102), National ‘Twelfth Five-Year' Plan for Science and Technology Support (No. 2012BAJ 05B04)
  • 摘要: China's transition from a planned economy to a market economy has resulted in many changes in its urban structure and society and provided an opportunity for a quasi-longitudinal case study on the relationship between the built environment and activity-travel behavior. This paper draws upon data from an activity diary survey conducted in Beijing in 2007. The survey sample comprised 652 residents living in Danwei (work unit), commodity housing, and affordable housing neighborhoods. On the basis of the three-dimen­sional geo-visualization analysis of the space-time path and statistical multivariate regression models of daily travel and leisure time, it was found that both residential spatial factors and socio-demographics influence residents' daily behaviors. The findings show that Danwei residents have less daily travel time than those who live in commodity housing, but people living in affordable housing endure the longest travel time. Daily leisure time is associated more with individual attributes. We argue that although China's transition is currently gradual, the Danwei system may continue to play significant roles in daily life, and it might provide a valuable model for neighborhood spatial planning.
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-01
  • 修回日期:  2013-01-31
  • 刊出日期:  2013-07-10

Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40671058, 41071102), National ‘Twelfth Five-Year' Plan for Science and Technology Support (No. 2012BAJ 05B04)
    通讯作者: CHAI Yanwei. E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn

摘要: China's transition from a planned economy to a market economy has resulted in many changes in its urban structure and society and provided an opportunity for a quasi-longitudinal case study on the relationship between the built environment and activity-travel behavior. This paper draws upon data from an activity diary survey conducted in Beijing in 2007. The survey sample comprised 652 residents living in Danwei (work unit), commodity housing, and affordable housing neighborhoods. On the basis of the three-dimen­sional geo-visualization analysis of the space-time path and statistical multivariate regression models of daily travel and leisure time, it was found that both residential spatial factors and socio-demographics influence residents' daily behaviors. The findings show that Danwei residents have less daily travel time than those who live in commodity housing, but people living in affordable housing endure the longest travel time. Daily leisure time is associated more with individual attributes. We argue that although China's transition is currently gradual, the Danwei system may continue to play significant roles in daily life, and it might provide a valuable model for neighborhood spatial planning.

English Abstract

ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
引用本文: ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
Citation: ZHAO Ying, CHAI Yanwei. Residents’ Activity-travel Behavior Variation by Communities in Beijing, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(4): 492-505. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0616-7
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