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Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010

WANG Huaijun CHEN Yaning LI Weihong DENG Haijun

WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
引用本文: WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
Citation: WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x

Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010

doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
基金项目: Under the auspices of Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (No. 2010CB951003)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    CHEN Yaning. E-mail: chenyn@ms.xjb.ac.cn

Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010

Funds: Under the auspices of Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (No. 2010CB951003)
More Information
    Corresponding author: CHEN Yaning. E-mail: chenyn@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 摘要: Based on runoff, air temperature, and precipitation data from 1960 to 2010, the effects of climate change on water resources in the arid region of the northwestern China were investigated. The long-term trends of hydroclimatic variables were studied by using both Mann-Kendall test and distributed-free cumulative sum (CUSUM) chart test. Results indicate that the mean annual air temperature increases significantly from 1960 to 2010. The annual precipitation exhibits an increasing trend, especially in the south slope of the Tianshan Mountains and the North Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in the study period. Step changes occur in 1988 in the mean annual air temperature time series and in 1991 in the precipitation time series. The runoff in different basins shows different trends, i.e., significantly increasing in the Kaidu River, the Aksu River and the Shule River, and decreasing in the Shiyang River. Correlation analysis reveals that the runoff in the North Xinjiang (i.e., the Weigan River, the Heihe River, and the Shiyang River) has a strong positive relationship with rainfall, while that in the south slope of the Tianshan Mountains, the middle section of the north slope of the Tianshan Mountains and the Shule River has a strong positive relationship with air temperature. The trends of runoff have strong negative correlations with glacier coverage and the proportion of glacier water in runoff. From the late 1980s, the climate has become warm and wet in the arid region of the northwestern China. The change in runoff is interacted with air temperature, precipitation and glacier coverage. The results show that streamflow in the arid region of the northwestern China is sensitive to climate change, which can be used as a reference for regional water resource assessment and management.
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Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010

doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (No. 2010CB951003)
    通讯作者: CHEN Yaning. E-mail: chenyn@ms.xjb.ac.cn

摘要: Based on runoff, air temperature, and precipitation data from 1960 to 2010, the effects of climate change on water resources in the arid region of the northwestern China were investigated. The long-term trends of hydroclimatic variables were studied by using both Mann-Kendall test and distributed-free cumulative sum (CUSUM) chart test. Results indicate that the mean annual air temperature increases significantly from 1960 to 2010. The annual precipitation exhibits an increasing trend, especially in the south slope of the Tianshan Mountains and the North Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in the study period. Step changes occur in 1988 in the mean annual air temperature time series and in 1991 in the precipitation time series. The runoff in different basins shows different trends, i.e., significantly increasing in the Kaidu River, the Aksu River and the Shule River, and decreasing in the Shiyang River. Correlation analysis reveals that the runoff in the North Xinjiang (i.e., the Weigan River, the Heihe River, and the Shiyang River) has a strong positive relationship with rainfall, while that in the south slope of the Tianshan Mountains, the middle section of the north slope of the Tianshan Mountains and the Shule River has a strong positive relationship with air temperature. The trends of runoff have strong negative correlations with glacier coverage and the proportion of glacier water in runoff. From the late 1980s, the climate has become warm and wet in the arid region of the northwestern China. The change in runoff is interacted with air temperature, precipitation and glacier coverage. The results show that streamflow in the arid region of the northwestern China is sensitive to climate change, which can be used as a reference for regional water resource assessment and management.

English Abstract

WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
引用本文: WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. 中国地理科学, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
Citation: WANG Huaijun, CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, DENG Haijun. Runoff Responses to Climate Change in Arid Region of Northwestern China During 1960-2010[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2013, 23(3): 286-300. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0605-x
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