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Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China

TANG Yanling ZHANG Guangxin YANG Yuesuo GAO Yingzhi

TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
引用本文: TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
Citation: TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9

Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
基金项目: Under the auspices of Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Jilin Province (No.2006SYHZ0025);Knowledge Innovation Programs of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KZCX2-YW-126,KZCX2-YW-Q06-2)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    ZHANG Guangxin.E-mail:zhgx@neigae.ac.cn

Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China

Funds: Under the auspices of Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Jilin Province (No.2006SYHZ0025);Knowledge Innovation Programs of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KZCX2-YW-126,KZCX2-YW-Q06-2)
  • 摘要: Based on the observed data in monitored drainage areas and GIS spatial analysis tools,watershed basic database of Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin was built.The multivariate analysis and redundancy analysis(RDA) were used to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of water quality,identify the key environmental factors and their patterns influencing the spatial variation of water quality,and determine the main types and forms of the non-point source(NPS) pollutant export controlled by the key environmental factors.The results show that different patterns of environmental factors lead to great changes in water quality at spatial and seasonal scales.All selected environmental factors explain 64.5% and 68.2% of the spatial variation of water quality over dry season and rainy season,respectively,which shows clear seasonal difference.Over dry season,residential land is the most important environmental factor,which possesses 35.4% of the spatial variation,and drainage area is the second key environmental factor,which possesses 17.0% of spatial variation in the total variance.Over rainy season,slope length and drainage area are the key environmental factors,which possess 29.3% of the spatial variation together.Residential land influences nitrogen export by changing NH4+-N and particulate organic nitrogen(PON) discharge over dry season,and drainage area controls phosphorus export by regulating dissolved phosphorus(DP) drainage over dry season and phosphorus associated particulate(PAP) loss over rainy season,respectively.Although slope length is an important environmental factor,it does not influence NPS pollutant export.It is interesting that soil organic matter,as a minor environmental factor,highly determines phosphorus and nitrogen export by enhancing the DP,PAP and PON loss.
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  • 收稿日期:  2009-02-23
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Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China

doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
    基金项目:  Under the auspices of Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Jilin Province (No.2006SYHZ0025);Knowledge Innovation Programs of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KZCX2-YW-126,KZCX2-YW-Q06-2)
    通讯作者: ZHANG Guangxin.E-mail:zhgx@neigae.ac.cn

摘要: Based on the observed data in monitored drainage areas and GIS spatial analysis tools,watershed basic database of Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin was built.The multivariate analysis and redundancy analysis(RDA) were used to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of water quality,identify the key environmental factors and their patterns influencing the spatial variation of water quality,and determine the main types and forms of the non-point source(NPS) pollutant export controlled by the key environmental factors.The results show that different patterns of environmental factors lead to great changes in water quality at spatial and seasonal scales.All selected environmental factors explain 64.5% and 68.2% of the spatial variation of water quality over dry season and rainy season,respectively,which shows clear seasonal difference.Over dry season,residential land is the most important environmental factor,which possesses 35.4% of the spatial variation,and drainage area is the second key environmental factor,which possesses 17.0% of spatial variation in the total variance.Over rainy season,slope length and drainage area are the key environmental factors,which possess 29.3% of the spatial variation together.Residential land influences nitrogen export by changing NH4+-N and particulate organic nitrogen(PON) discharge over dry season,and drainage area controls phosphorus export by regulating dissolved phosphorus(DP) drainage over dry season and phosphorus associated particulate(PAP) loss over rainy season,respectively.Although slope length is an important environmental factor,it does not influence NPS pollutant export.It is interesting that soil organic matter,as a minor environmental factor,highly determines phosphorus and nitrogen export by enhancing the DP,PAP and PON loss.

English Abstract

TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
引用本文: TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. 中国地理科学, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
Citation: TANG Yanling, ZHANG Guangxin, YANG Yuesuo, GAO Yingzhi. Identifying Key Environmental Factors Influencing Spatial Variation of Water Quality in Upper Shitoukoumen Reservoir Basin in Jilin Province, China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2009, 19(4): 365-374. doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0365-9
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