中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 891-903.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0919-1

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Administrative Urbanization and City-making in Post-reform China:A Case Study of Ordos City, Inner Mongolia

YIN Guanwen1, LIU Yungang2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China;
    2. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Geo-simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-20 修回日期:2017-06-09 出版日期:2017-12-27 发布日期:2017-11-06
  • 通讯作者: LIU Yungang.E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571130, 41271165, 41701177), Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry (No.[2015]1098), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development (YNNU)

Administrative Urbanization and City-making in Post-reform China:A Case Study of Ordos City, Inner Mongolia

YIN Guanwen1, LIU Yungang2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China;
    2. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Geo-simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2017-02-20 Revised:2017-06-09 Online:2017-12-27 Published:2017-11-06
  • Contact: LIU Yungang.E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571130, 41271165, 41701177), Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry (No.[2015]1098), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development (YNNU)

摘要:

In post-reform China, local governments, instead of the central state, have become major promoters of urbanization. Differing from the existing literature based on Western theories, this article argues that a localized perspective, ‘administrative urbanization’, can provide a contextual explanation for the mechanism of urbanization in the reform era. The case study of Ordos indicates that new town construction, especially in the inland area, has become the main strategy for investment attraction and economic development. The local government has played a dominant role in this construction through a series of administrative measures, including avoidance of central state regulations, land leasing, high standard infrastructure construction, relocation policies and industrial attraction. This article also explores the issue of unsustainability in the new town, and identifies that underdeveloped industrialization, slow population agglomeration and real estate bubbles are primary threats to the sustainability of administrative urbanization.

关键词: administrative urbanization, local government, sustainability, Ordos, China

Abstract:

In post-reform China, local governments, instead of the central state, have become major promoters of urbanization. Differing from the existing literature based on Western theories, this article argues that a localized perspective, ‘administrative urbanization’, can provide a contextual explanation for the mechanism of urbanization in the reform era. The case study of Ordos indicates that new town construction, especially in the inland area, has become the main strategy for investment attraction and economic development. The local government has played a dominant role in this construction through a series of administrative measures, including avoidance of central state regulations, land leasing, high standard infrastructure construction, relocation policies and industrial attraction. This article also explores the issue of unsustainability in the new town, and identifies that underdeveloped industrialization, slow population agglomeration and real estate bubbles are primary threats to the sustainability of administrative urbanization.

Key words: administrative urbanization, local government, sustainability, Ordos, China