中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 860-874.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0918-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Applicability and Prospect of China's Development Zone Model in Africa

WANG Xingping1, ZHU Kai2, LI Yingcheng1, XU Jiabo1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China;
    2. College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-16 修回日期:2017-06-08 出版日期:2017-12-27 发布日期:2017-11-06
  • 通讯作者: WANG Xingping.E-mail:wxpsx@seu.edu.cn E-mail:wxpsx@seu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Specific Plan for Strategic International Cooperation in Scientific and Technological Innovation, the National Key Research and Development Plan ‘Research Cooperation and Exemplary Application in Planning of Overseas Industrial Parks’' (No. 2016YFE0201000), Project of ‘Drawing the Lessons from the Experience of China's Development Zones to African Industrialization’ (No. 15FZZX02YB)

Applicability and Prospect of China's Development Zone Model in Africa

WANG Xingping1, ZHU Kai2, LI Yingcheng1, XU Jiabo1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China;
    2. College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
  • Received:2017-02-16 Revised:2017-06-08 Online:2017-12-27 Published:2017-11-06
  • Contact: WANG Xingping.E-mail:wxpsx@seu.edu.cn E-mail:wxpsx@seu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the Specific Plan for Strategic International Cooperation in Scientific and Technological Innovation, the National Key Research and Development Plan ‘Research Cooperation and Exemplary Application in Planning of Overseas Industrial Parks’' (No. 2016YFE0201000), Project of ‘Drawing the Lessons from the Experience of China's Development Zones to African Industrialization’ (No. 15FZZX02YB)

摘要:

Development zones have been an important spatial approach to promoting economic development since China's reform and opening-up. They have also been major contributors to the processes of China's industrialization and urbanization. Along with improvements in the worldwide industrial division of labor and the gradual implementation of China's development zones' Go Global strategy, it is necessary for Africa, a hot spot of global industrialization in recent years, to learn from China's development zone model. By attracting China's capital, technology and enterprises to Africa via Sino-African co-built development zones, a pattern of high complementarity and mutual development between China and Africa can be formed which does favor further improvement of the global industrial division of labor. In order to study the applicability and prospect of China's development zone model in Africa as per the above-mentioned international situation, this paper first sorts out the development course of China's development zones and discusses their roles in China's industrialization and urbanization. Subsequently, this paper analyzes the status quo of industrial development in Africa as a whole and the differences in industrial development between China and Africa, aiming to justify the timing of industrial transfer from China to Africa by constructing Sino-African co-built development zones. Lastly, this paper analyzes the current situation of six Sino-African co-built development zones by focusing on their operation modes, industry types and investment promotion models. In the authors' view, Sino-African co-built development zones can function as a new window of China-African cooperation, a new carrier of African industrialization, and a new engine of global industrial restructuring. China should adhere to the general principles of ‘Sino-African Integration, Multi-Cooperation, Mutual Benefit, Scientific Location, Systematic Planning, Cluster Growth and Open Development’ in the planning and construction of development zones in Africa, effectively promoting Africa as the very important part of the global industry system.

关键词: development zones, China, Africa, industrialization

Abstract:

Development zones have been an important spatial approach to promoting economic development since China's reform and opening-up. They have also been major contributors to the processes of China's industrialization and urbanization. Along with improvements in the worldwide industrial division of labor and the gradual implementation of China's development zones' Go Global strategy, it is necessary for Africa, a hot spot of global industrialization in recent years, to learn from China's development zone model. By attracting China's capital, technology and enterprises to Africa via Sino-African co-built development zones, a pattern of high complementarity and mutual development between China and Africa can be formed which does favor further improvement of the global industrial division of labor. In order to study the applicability and prospect of China's development zone model in Africa as per the above-mentioned international situation, this paper first sorts out the development course of China's development zones and discusses their roles in China's industrialization and urbanization. Subsequently, this paper analyzes the status quo of industrial development in Africa as a whole and the differences in industrial development between China and Africa, aiming to justify the timing of industrial transfer from China to Africa by constructing Sino-African co-built development zones. Lastly, this paper analyzes the current situation of six Sino-African co-built development zones by focusing on their operation modes, industry types and investment promotion models. In the authors' view, Sino-African co-built development zones can function as a new window of China-African cooperation, a new carrier of African industrialization, and a new engine of global industrial restructuring. China should adhere to the general principles of ‘Sino-African Integration, Multi-Cooperation, Mutual Benefit, Scientific Location, Systematic Planning, Cluster Growth and Open Development’ in the planning and construction of development zones in Africa, effectively promoting Africa as the very important part of the global industry system.

Key words: development zones, China, Africa, industrialization