中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 730-741.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial Disparity and Efficiency of Science and Technology Resources in China

WANG Bei1, 2, 3, LIU Weidong1, 2, LU Dadao1, 2, ZHANG Jianbo4   

  1. (1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China; 3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 4. School of  Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • 出版日期:2012-11-05 发布日期:2013-02-28

Spatial Disparity and Efficiency of Science and Technology Resources in China

WANG Bei1, 2, 3, LIU Weidong1, 2, LU Dadao1, 2, ZHANG Jianbo4   

  1. (1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China; 3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 4. School of  Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Online:2012-11-05 Published:2013-02-28

摘要:

In the knowledge economy era, science and technology (S&T) resources are getting more and more important in shaping regional competiveness and building regional innovation capacity. As such, the spatial distribution of S&T resources is a key to understanding regional development and disparities. By designing an input-output indicator system, this paper develops an evaluation model to examine the spatial distribution of S&T resources in China and assess their spatial efficiency. Moreover, the paper tries to explain spatial differences in the efficiency of S&T resources in China. Major findings are: 1) the input and output of S&T resources in China shows a clear T-shaped spatial structure, i.e., concentrated mainly in the coastal region and along the Changjiang (Yangtze) River; 2) the efficiency of S&T resources in China displays strong spatial disparities, with the level of efficiency descending from the east to the west while high efficiency appearing in only several clusters; 3) the utilization rates of S&T resources in most provinces are quite low, resulting in low efficiency of S&T resources allocation. The paper suggests that the utilization rate of S&T resources should be raised and the commercialization of S&T outputs should be enhanced to improve the efficiency of S&T resources in China.

关键词:  , science and technology resources, resources spatial allocation, resources-utilization efficiency, China

Abstract:

In the knowledge economy era, science and technology (S&T) resources are getting more and more important in shaping regional competiveness and building regional innovation capacity. As such, the spatial distribution of S&T resources is a key to understanding regional development and disparities. By designing an input-output indicator system, this paper develops an evaluation model to examine the spatial distribution of S&T resources in China and assess their spatial efficiency. Moreover, the paper tries to explain spatial differences in the efficiency of S&T resources in China. Major findings are: 1) the input and output of S&T resources in China shows a clear T-shaped spatial structure, i.e., concentrated mainly in the coastal region and along the Changjiang (Yangtze) River; 2) the efficiency of S&T resources in China displays strong spatial disparities, with the level of efficiency descending from the east to the west while high efficiency appearing in only several clusters; 3) the utilization rates of S&T resources in most provinces are quite low, resulting in low efficiency of S&T resources allocation. The paper suggests that the utilization rate of S&T resources should be raised and the commercialization of S&T outputs should be enhanced to improve the efficiency of S&T resources in China.

Key words:  science and technology resources, resources spatial allocation, resources-utilization efficiency, China