中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2000, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 80-88.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

SOME MEASURES OF INCREASING RAIL TRANSIT RIDERSHIPS: CASE STUDIES

ZHANG Yun-quan1, YAN Xiao-pei1, CLAUDE Comtois2   

  1. 1. Centre for Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China;
    2. Centre for Research on Transportation, University of Montreal, Montreal H3C3J7, Canada
  • 收稿日期:1999-04-26 出版日期:2000-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:ZHANG Yun-quan(1963- ),male,a native of Hangzhou City,Ph.D.,candidate in Center for Urban and Regional Studies,Zhongshan University,associate professor.His research interests in urban planning and urbanrail transport.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the anspices of the Provincial Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong;the Canadianinternational Development Agency

SOME MEASURES OF INCREASING RAIL TRANSIT RIDERSHIPS: CASE STUDIES

ZHANG Yun-quan1, YAN Xiao-pei1, CLAUDE Comtois2   

  1. 1. Centre for Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China;
    2. Centre for Research on Transportation, University of Montreal, Montreal H3C3J7, Canada
  • Received:1999-04-26 Online:2000-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

This paper is mainly concerned with how to increase rail transit ridership and how to coordinate with multimodity to optimize the entire public transportation systems. Three case cities, Montreal, Toronto and San Francisco, with metro systems are reviewed in different aspects, including urban planning, transport policy, flexible fare system, safety and security measure, special service, new technical application to improve the quality and value of its service for increasing revenues and profit, comtributing to the long term development of public transit. Some conclusions can be drawn: 1) urban planning should be closely connected with urban transport planning; 2) the role of government is predominant to implement railtransit; 3) the facilifies of railtransit should be advanced, reliable and safe; 4) quality service should be match with rail facilities; 5) special service for the disabled, yound and senior should be advocated.

关键词: rail transit, ridership, transport policy, integrated fare system

Abstract:

This paper is mainly concerned with how to increase rail transit ridership and how to coordinate with multimodity to optimize the entire public transportation systems. Three case cities, Montreal, Toronto and San Francisco, with metro systems are reviewed in different aspects, including urban planning, transport policy, flexible fare system, safety and security measure, special service, new technical application to improve the quality and value of its service for increasing revenues and profit, comtributing to the long term development of public transit. Some conclusions can be drawn: 1) urban planning should be closely connected with urban transport planning; 2) the role of government is predominant to implement railtransit; 3) the facilifies of railtransit should be advanced, reliable and safe; 4) quality service should be match with rail facilities; 5) special service for the disabled, yound and senior should be advocated.

Key words: rail transit, ridership, transport policy, integrated fare system

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