中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 379-396.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1117-0

• 论文 •    下一篇

Balancing Carbon Emission Reductions and Social Economic Development for Sustainable Development: Experience from 24 Countries

KANG Meimei1,2, ZHAO Wenwu1,2, JIA Lizhi1,2, LIU Yanxu1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Institute of Land Surface System and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 修回日期:2019-09-17 出版日期:2020-05-20 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 通讯作者: ZHAO Wenwu.E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604704), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41861134038), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Balancing Carbon Emission Reductions and Social Economic Development for Sustainable Development: Experience from 24 Countries

KANG Meimei1,2, ZHAO Wenwu1,2, JIA Lizhi1,2, LIU Yanxu1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Institute of Land Surface System and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-09-17 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-04-28
  • Contact: ZHAO Wenwu.E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604704), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41861134038), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

摘要: The impact of human carbon emissions on climate has generated widespread global concern. We selected 24 countries as research objects and analysed the changes in carbon emissions in different countries between the establishment of emission reduction actions in 1990 and 2014. Then, we selected 19 factors representing four categories (economy, population, technology and energy) to explore the key factors that led to changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in different countries. Emission reduction actions since 1990 did not lead to marked improvements, and only five countries (Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy and France) achieved reductions in carbon emissions. The factors that influenced CO2 emissions varied among countries. In most developing countries, reductions in CO2 emissions were caused by reductions in poverty and inherent natural conditions. Moreover, the extent of influence of a given factor on CO2 emissions differed among countries. The global economic crisis may cause similar fluctuations in CO2 emissions in many countries. Adjustments to energy and industrial structures are the main reason for the reduction in carbon emissions, whereas economic growth and urbanization are the two major contributors to the growth of carbon emissions. According to historical carbon emissions data, a green energy revolution must be implemented to address global climate change and ensure the sustainable development of human societies.

关键词: carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, climate change, economic growth, sustainable development

Abstract: The impact of human carbon emissions on climate has generated widespread global concern. We selected 24 countries as research objects and analysed the changes in carbon emissions in different countries between the establishment of emission reduction actions in 1990 and 2014. Then, we selected 19 factors representing four categories (economy, population, technology and energy) to explore the key factors that led to changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in different countries. Emission reduction actions since 1990 did not lead to marked improvements, and only five countries (Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy and France) achieved reductions in carbon emissions. The factors that influenced CO2 emissions varied among countries. In most developing countries, reductions in CO2 emissions were caused by reductions in poverty and inherent natural conditions. Moreover, the extent of influence of a given factor on CO2 emissions differed among countries. The global economic crisis may cause similar fluctuations in CO2 emissions in many countries. Adjustments to energy and industrial structures are the main reason for the reduction in carbon emissions, whereas economic growth and urbanization are the two major contributors to the growth of carbon emissions. According to historical carbon emissions data, a green energy revolution must be implemented to address global climate change and ensure the sustainable development of human societies.

Key words: carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, climate change, economic growth, sustainable development