中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 949-961.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1079-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Siting of Dark Sky Reserves in China Based on Multi-source Spatial Data and Multiple Criteria Evaluation Method

WEI Ye1, CHEN Zuoqi2,3, XIU Chunliang4, YU Bailang2,3, LIU Hongxing5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, School of Geo-graphical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science(Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
    3. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
    4. College of Jang Ho Architecture, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China;
    5. Department of Geography, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-10 出版日期:2019-12-27 发布日期:2019-11-12
  • 通讯作者: CHEN Zuoqi E-mail:zqchen@geo.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41871162)

Siting of Dark Sky Reserves in China Based on Multi-source Spatial Data and Multiple Criteria Evaluation Method

WEI Ye1, CHEN Zuoqi2,3, XIU Chunliang4, YU Bailang2,3, LIU Hongxing5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, School of Geo-graphical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science(Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
    3. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
    4. College of Jang Ho Architecture, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China;
    5. Department of Geography, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
  • Received:2018-12-10 Online:2019-12-27 Published:2019-11-12
  • Contact: CHEN Zuoqi E-mail:zqchen@geo.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41871162)

摘要:

With the rapid development of population and urbanization and the progress of lighting technology, the influence of artificial light sources has increased. In this context, the problem of light pollution has attracted wide attention. Previous studies have revealed that light pollution can affect biological living environments, human physical and mental health, astronomical observations and many other aspects. Therefore, organizations internationally have begun to advocate for measures to prevent light pollution, many of which are recognized by the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA). In addition to improving public awareness, legal protections, technical treatments and other means, the construction of Dark Sky Reserves (DSR) has proven to be an effective preventive measure. So far, as a pioneer practice in this field, the IDA has identified 11 DSRs worldwide. Based on the DA requirements for DSRs, this paper utilizes NPP-VIIRS nighttime light data and other multi-source spatial data to analyze possible DSR sites in China. The land of China was divided into more than ten thousand 30 km×30 km fishnets, and constraint and suitable conditions were designated, respectively, as light and cloud conditions, and scale, traffic and attractiveness conditions. Using a multiple criteria evaluation, 1443 fishnets were finally selected as most suitable sites for the construction of DSRs. Results found that less than 25% of China is not subject to light pollution, and less than 13% is suitable for DSR construction, primarily in western and northern areas, including Tibet, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu and Inner Mongolia.

关键词: Dark Sky Reserves, light pollution, NPP-VIIRS, siting, multiple criteria evaluation, China

Abstract:

With the rapid development of population and urbanization and the progress of lighting technology, the influence of artificial light sources has increased. In this context, the problem of light pollution has attracted wide attention. Previous studies have revealed that light pollution can affect biological living environments, human physical and mental health, astronomical observations and many other aspects. Therefore, organizations internationally have begun to advocate for measures to prevent light pollution, many of which are recognized by the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA). In addition to improving public awareness, legal protections, technical treatments and other means, the construction of Dark Sky Reserves (DSR) has proven to be an effective preventive measure. So far, as a pioneer practice in this field, the IDA has identified 11 DSRs worldwide. Based on the DA requirements for DSRs, this paper utilizes NPP-VIIRS nighttime light data and other multi-source spatial data to analyze possible DSR sites in China. The land of China was divided into more than ten thousand 30 km×30 km fishnets, and constraint and suitable conditions were designated, respectively, as light and cloud conditions, and scale, traffic and attractiveness conditions. Using a multiple criteria evaluation, 1443 fishnets were finally selected as most suitable sites for the construction of DSRs. Results found that less than 25% of China is not subject to light pollution, and less than 13% is suitable for DSR construction, primarily in western and northern areas, including Tibet, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu and Inner Mongolia.

Key words: Dark Sky Reserves, light pollution, NPP-VIIRS, siting, multiple criteria evaluation, China