中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 637-646.

• 论文 •    下一篇

Estimation of Storage and Density of Organic Carbon in Peatlands of China

LIU Zigang1, WANG Ming2, 3, MA Xuehui2   

  1. (1. School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and
    Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China; 3. Graduate
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • 出版日期:2012-11-05 发布日期:2013-02-28

Estimation of Storage and Density of Organic Carbon in Peatlands of China

LIU Zigang1, WANG Ming2, 3, MA Xuehui2   

  1. (1. School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and
    Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China; 3. Graduate
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Online:2012-11-05 Published:2013-02-28

摘要:

Based on the results of the National Survey of Peat Resources (1983–1985) and the investigation results on the peatlands of China, the storage and density of the organic carbon in the peatlands of China were estimated. The total organic carbon storage (OCS) of the peatlands in China, including bare peatlands and buried peatlands, are 1.503 × 109 t, unevenly distributed over 30 provincial level administrative units and 16 climatic zones. Peatland organic carbon storage (POCS) in Sichuan (6.45 × 108 t) and Yunnan provinces (2.91 × 108 t) is the highest, accounting for 62.29% of the total POCS. Humid zone of plateau has the highest POCS of 7.14 × 108 t, especially in the Zoigê Plateau, where the POCS is 6.30 × 108 t, accounting for 41.92% of the total POCS of China. The organic carbon density (OCD) of the peatlands in China mostly ranges from 80 kg/m3 to 140 kg/m3, and the range of the maximum is 270–360 kg/m3, and the minimum is less than 80 kg/m3. Divided by the Yanshan Mountain, Taihang Mountains and Hengduan Mountains, the peatland oganic carbon density (POCD) is lower on the northwestern side than that on the southeastern side. Jiangxi Province has the highest POCD due to the ancient buried peatlands. The OCD of the bare peatlands is mostly in the range of 60–150 kg/m3, and that of the buried peatlands is more than 100 kg/m3. In the bare peatlands, the OCD generally increases from the surface layer to the below surface layer, and then decreases with the depth. Although the peatlands area in China is small, the OCS per unit area is far higher than the other soil types, so peatlands protection can effectively mitigate climate change.

关键词: peatlands, organic carbon storage, organic carbon density, China

Abstract:

Based on the results of the National Survey of Peat Resources (1983–1985) and the investigation results on the peatlands of China, the storage and density of the organic carbon in the peatlands of China were estimated. The total organic carbon storage (OCS) of the peatlands in China, including bare peatlands and buried peatlands, are 1.503 × 109 t, unevenly distributed over 30 provincial level administrative units and 16 climatic zones. Peatland organic carbon storage (POCS) in Sichuan (6.45 × 108 t) and Yunnan provinces (2.91 × 108 t) is the highest, accounting for 62.29% of the total POCS. Humid zone of plateau has the highest POCS of 7.14 × 108 t, especially in the Zoigê Plateau, where the POCS is 6.30 × 108 t, accounting for 41.92% of the total POCS of China. The organic carbon density (OCD) of the peatlands in China mostly ranges from 80 kg/m3 to 140 kg/m3, and the range of the maximum is 270–360 kg/m3, and the minimum is less than 80 kg/m3. Divided by the Yanshan Mountain, Taihang Mountains and Hengduan Mountains, the peatland oganic carbon density (POCD) is lower on the northwestern side than that on the southeastern side. Jiangxi Province has the highest POCD due to the ancient buried peatlands. The OCD of the bare peatlands is mostly in the range of 60–150 kg/m3, and that of the buried peatlands is more than 100 kg/m3. In the bare peatlands, the OCD generally increases from the surface layer to the below surface layer, and then decreases with the depth. Although the peatlands area in China is small, the OCS per unit area is far higher than the other soil types, so peatlands protection can effectively mitigate climate change.

Key words: peatlands, organic carbon storage, organic carbon density, China