中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 264-277.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Agriculture Development-induced Surface Albedo Changes and  Climatic Implications Across Northeastern China

ZHANG Xuezhen1, 2, 3, WANG Wei-Chyung3, FANG Xiuqi2, YE Yu2, ZHENG Jingyun1   

  1. (1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3. Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12202, USA)
  • 出版日期:2012-04-30 发布日期:2012-05-24

Agriculture Development-induced Surface Albedo Changes and Climatic Implications Across Northeastern China

ZHANG Xuezhen1, 2, 3, WANG Wei-Chyung3, FANG Xiuqi2, YE Yu2, ZHENG Jingyun1   

  1. (1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3. Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12202, USA)
  • Online:2012-04-30 Published:2012-05-24

摘要:

To improve the understandings on regional climatic effects of past human-induced land cover changes, the surface albedo

changes caused by conversions from natural vegetation to cropland were estimated across northeastern China over the last 300 years,

and its climatic effects were simulated by using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Essential natural vegetation records

compiled from historical documents and regional optimal surface albedo dataset were used. The results show that the surface albedo

decreased by 0.01–0.03 due to conversions from grassland to cropland in the Northeast China Plain and it increased by 0.005–0.015 due

to conversions from forests to cropland in the surrounding mountains. As a consequence, in the Northeast China Plain, the surface net

radiation increased by 4–8 W/m2, 2–5 W/m2, and 1–3 W/m2, and the climate was therefore warmed by 0.1℃–0.2℃、0.1℃–0.2℃、0.1

℃–0.3℃ in the spring, autumn and winter, respectively. In the surrounding mountain area, the net radiation decreased by less than 1.5

W/m2, and the climate was therefore cooled too slight to be detected. In summer, effects of surface albedo changes on climate were

closely associated with moisture dynamics, such as evapotranspiration and cloud, instead of being merely determined by surface radiation

budget. The simulated summer climatic effects have large uncertainties. These findings demonstrate that surface albedo changes

resulted in warming climate effects in the non-rainy seasons in Northeast China Plain through surface radiation processes while the

climatic effects in summer could hardly be concluded so far.

关键词: surface albedo, land cover change, climatic effects, last 300 years, northeastern China

Abstract:

To improve the understandings on regional climatic effects of past human-induced land cover changes, the surface albedo

changes caused by conversions from natural vegetation to cropland were estimated across northeastern China over the last 300 years,

and its climatic effects were simulated by using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Essential natural vegetation records

compiled from historical documents and regional optimal surface albedo dataset were used. The results show that the surface albedo

decreased by 0.01–0.03 due to conversions from grassland to cropland in the Northeast China Plain and it increased by 0.005–0.015 due

to conversions from forests to cropland in the surrounding mountains. As a consequence, in the Northeast China Plain, the surface net

radiation increased by 4–8 W/m2, 2–5 W/m2, and 1–3 W/m2, and the climate was therefore warmed by 0.1℃–0.2℃、0.1℃–0.2℃、0.1

℃–0.3℃ in the spring, autumn and winter, respectively. In the surrounding mountain area, the net radiation decreased by less than 1.5

W/m2, and the climate was therefore cooled too slight to be detected. In summer, effects of surface albedo changes on climate were

closely associated with moisture dynamics, such as evapotranspiration and cloud, instead of being merely determined by surface radiation

budget. The simulated summer climatic effects have large uncertainties. These findings demonstrate that surface albedo changes

resulted in warming climate effects in the non-rainy seasons in Northeast China Plain through surface radiation processes while the

climatic effects in summer could hardly be concluded so far.

Key words: surface albedo, land cover change, climatic effects, last 300 years, northeastern China