中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 255-263.

• 论文 •    下一篇

Key Variables Explaining Soil Organic Carbon Content Variations in Croplands and Non-Croplands in Chinese Provinces

WU Lezhi1, CAI Zucong2   

  1. (1. Department of Geographical Science, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi 435002, China;
    2. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China)
  • 出版日期:2012-04-30 发布日期:2012-05-24

Key Variables Explaining Soil Organic Carbon Content Variations in Croplands and Non-Croplands in Chinese Provinces

WU Lezhi1, CAI Zucong2   

  1. (1. Department of Geographical Science, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi 435002, China;
    2. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China)
  • Online:2012-04-30 Published:2012-05-24

摘要:

Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in global carbon cycles. Large spatial variations in SOC contents result in

uncertain estimates of the SOC pool and its changes. In the present study, the key variables explaining the SOC contents of croplands

(CPs) and non-croplands (NCPs) in Chinese provinces were investigated. Data on SOC and other soil properties (obtained from the

Second National Soil Survey conducted in the late 1970s to the early 1990s), climate parameters, as well as the proportion of the CP to

the total land area (Pcp) were used. SOC content variations within a province were larger than those among provinces. Soil clay and

total phosphorus content, ratio of annual precipitation to mean temperature, as well as Pcp were able to explain 75% of the SOC content

variations in whole soil samples. Soil pH, mean temperature during the growing season from May to October, and mean annual wind

velocity were able to explain 63% of the SOC content variations in NCP soils. Compared with NCP soils, CP soils had lower SOC contents,

with smaller variations within and among provinces and lower C/N ratios. Stepwise regression showed that the soil clay content was a

unique factor significantly correlated with the SOC content of CP soils. However, this factor only explained 24% of the variations. This

result suggested that variables related to human activities had greater effects on SOC content variations in CP soils than soil properties

and climate parameters. Based on SOC contents directly averaged from soil samples and estimated by regression equations, the total

SOC pool in the topsoil (0–20 cm) of China was estimated at 60.02 Pg and 57.6 Pg. Thousands of years of intensive cultivation in China

resulted in CP topsoil SOC loss of 4.34–4.98 Pg.

关键词: soil organic carbon, land use, carbon loss, soil property, climatic variable

Abstract:

Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in global carbon cycles. Large spatial variations in SOC contents result in

uncertain estimates of the SOC pool and its changes. In the present study, the key variables explaining the SOC contents of croplands

(CPs) and non-croplands (NCPs) in Chinese provinces were investigated. Data on SOC and other soil properties (obtained from the

Second National Soil Survey conducted in the late 1970s to the early 1990s), climate parameters, as well as the proportion of the CP to

the total land area (Pcp) were used. SOC content variations within a province were larger than those among provinces. Soil clay and

total phosphorus content, ratio of annual precipitation to mean temperature, as well as Pcp were able to explain 75% of the SOC content

variations in whole soil samples. Soil pH, mean temperature during the growing season from May to October, and mean annual wind

velocity were able to explain 63% of the SOC content variations in NCP soils. Compared with NCP soils, CP soils had lower SOC contents,

with smaller variations within and among provinces and lower C/N ratios. Stepwise regression showed that the soil clay content was a

unique factor significantly correlated with the SOC content of CP soils. However, this factor only explained 24% of the variations. This

result suggested that variables related to human activities had greater effects on SOC content variations in CP soils than soil properties

and climate parameters. Based on SOC contents directly averaged from soil samples and estimated by regression equations, the total

SOC pool in the topsoil (0–20 cm) of China was estimated at 60.02 Pg and 57.6 Pg. Thousands of years of intensive cultivation in China

resulted in CP topsoil SOC loss of 4.34–4.98 Pg.

Key words: soil organic carbon, land use, carbon loss, soil property, climatic variable