中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 154-166.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Impact Factors on Distribution and Characteristics of Natural Plant Community in Reclamation Zones of Changjiang River Estuary

SUN Yongguang1, 2, LI Xiuzhen1, HE Yanlong1, JIA Yue1, MA Zhigang1, GUO Wenyong1, XIN Zaijun1   

  1. (1. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China; 2. Department of History, Culture and Tourism, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou 341000, China)
  • 出版日期:2012-03-05 发布日期:2012-04-10

Impact Factors on Distribution and Characteristics of Natural Plant Community in Reclamation Zones of Changjiang River Estuary

SUN Yongguang1, 2, LI Xiuzhen1, HE Yanlong1, JIA Yue1, MA Zhigang1, GUO Wenyong1, XIN Zaijun1   

  1. (1. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China; 2. Department of History, Culture and Tourism, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou 341000, China)
  • Online:2012-03-05 Published:2012-04-10

摘要:

To identify impact factors on the distribution and characters of natural plants community in reclamation area, with survey data from 67 plant quadrats in July 2009, soil properties data from 216 sampling points in April 2009, and TM (30 m) data in 2006, the composition and characteristics of natural plants community in different time of the Fengxian area in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary were analyzed with two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), detrended canonical correspondence analysis (DCCA) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). The results show that: 1) The plant communities in the reclaimed area are mainly mesophytes and helophytic-mesophytic transitional communities, showing a gradient distribution trend with the change in reclamation years. Species richness (MA), species diversity (H) and above-ground biomass also increase with the increase of reclamation years. Nevertheless, they appear to decline slightly in the middle and late reclamation period (> 30 years). 2) With the rise in land use levels, the changes in species richness and species diversity tend to increase at first and then decrease; species dominance (D), however, tends to decline; and above-ground biomass increases slightly. 3) The distribution of the plant community is mainly influenced by the following factors: land use levels (R = 0.55, p < 0.05), soil moisture (R = 0.53, p < 0.05), soil salinity (R = 0.43, p < 0.05) and reclamation time (R = 0.40, p < 0.05).

关键词:  , natural plant communities, soil properties, land use patterns, reclamation time, Changjiang River estuary

Abstract:

 To identify impact factors on the distribution and characters of natural plants community in reclamation area, with survey data from 67 plant quadrats in July 2009, soil properties data from 216 sampling points in April 2009, and TM (30 m) data in 2006, the composition and characteristics of natural plants community in different time of the Fengxian area in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary were analyzed with two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), detrended canonical correspondence analysis (DCCA) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). The results show that: 1) The plant communities in the reclaimed area are mainly mesophytes and helophytic-mesophytic transitional communities, showing a gradient distribution trend with the change in reclamation years. Species richness (MA), species diversity (H) and above-ground biomass also increase with the increase of reclamation years. Nevertheless, they appear to decline slightly in the middle and late reclamation period (> 30 years). 2) With the rise in land use levels, the changes in species richness and species diversity tend to increase at first and then decrease; species dominance (D), however, tends to decline; and above-ground biomass increases slightly. 3) The distribution of the plant community is mainly influenced by the following factors: land use levels (R = 0.55, p < 0.05), soil moisture (R = 0.53, p < 0.05), soil salinity (R = 0.43, p < 0.05) and reclamation time (R = 0.40, p < 0.05).

Key words: natural plant communities, soil properties, land use patterns, reclamation time, Changjiang River estuary