中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 211-216.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Hub-and-Spoke System in Air Transportation and Its Implications to Regional Economic Development——A Case Study of United States

SONG Wei1, MA Yanji2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography & Geosciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA;
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China
  • 收稿日期:2005-09-19 修回日期:2006-05-12 出版日期:2006-09-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:SONG Wei(1963- ),male,a native of Harbin of Heilongjiang Province,China,Ph.D.,specialized in transportation geography,location analysis,and urban and regional studies.E-mail:wei.song@louisville.edu.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Intramural Research Incentive Grant from the Office of the Senior Vice President for Research at University of Louisville

Hub-and-Spoke System in Air Transportation and Its Implications to Regional Economic Development——A Case Study of United States

SONG Wei1, MA Yanji2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography & Geosciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA;
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2005-09-19 Revised:2006-05-12 Online:2006-09-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Considerable changes have taken place in commercial passenger air transport since the enactment of the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act in the US and the deregulation of airline networks that has occurred elsewhere. The commercial and operational freedoms have led most of the larger carriers to develop hub-and-spoke networks, within which certain cities or metropolitan areas emerge as key nodes possessing tremendous advantages over other locations in the air transport system. This paper examines the nature of hub-and-spoke operations in air transportation services, and the benefits that accrue to a city or geographical region that is host to an airline hub. In particular, it looks into linkages between the air service hub and local economic development. Four potential types of impact of airports on the regional economy are defined and discussed. As an example, the assessment of the economic impacts of Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG), a major Delta Airlines hub, is introduced.

关键词: Hub-and-Spoke System, air transportation, regional economic development

Abstract:

Considerable changes have taken place in commercial passenger air transport since the enactment of the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act in the US and the deregulation of airline networks that has occurred elsewhere. The commercial and operational freedoms have led most of the larger carriers to develop hub-and-spoke networks, within which certain cities or metropolitan areas emerge as key nodes possessing tremendous advantages over other locations in the air transport system. This paper examines the nature of hub-and-spoke operations in air transportation services, and the benefits that accrue to a city or geographical region that is host to an airline hub. In particular, it looks into linkages between the air service hub and local economic development. Four potential types of impact of airports on the regional economy are defined and discussed. As an example, the assessment of the economic impacts of Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG), a major Delta Airlines hub, is introduced.

Key words: Hub-and-Spoke System, air transportation, regional economic development