中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 87-94.

• 论文 • 上一篇    

FUZZY SYNTHETIC EVALUATION ON RESIDENT'S PERCEPTIONS OF TOURISM IMPACTS——Case of Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China

LU Xiao-li1, WU Chun-you1, XIAO Gui-rong2   

  1. 1. School of Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, P. R. China;
    2. Faculty of Geography Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario Canada N2L 3G1
  • 收稿日期:2005-08-20 出版日期:2006-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:LUXiao-li(1976- ),female,a native of Dandong of Liaoning Province,Ph.D.candidate,specialized in tourism planningand management.E-mail:lxiaoli76@yahoo.com.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Canadian International Development Agency Project (No.S-61562);Ecotourism Planning and Management in Dalian City of Dalian Science&Technology Bureau(No.2004B3SF171)

FUZZY SYNTHETIC EVALUATION ON RESIDENT'S PERCEPTIONS OF TOURISM IMPACTS——Case of Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China

LU Xiao-li1, WU Chun-you1, XIAO Gui-rong2   

  1. 1. School of Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, P. R. China;
    2. Faculty of Geography Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario Canada N2L 3G1
  • Received:2005-08-20 Online:2006-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Tourism can have both positive and negative outcomes for residents in tourism destinations. It is a good method to analyze the status of tourism impact by means of investigating residents' perceptions of it. Various methods have been used in previous authoritative studies. However, owing to inherent imprecision, difficulties always exist in some conventional methodologies when describing the interpretation of linguistic or measured uncertainties for real-world random phenomena. The purpose of this research is to present the fuzzy synthetic evaluation method to investigate residents' perceptions of tourism impacts. At first, basic attributes and a hierarchical framework of tourism impacts are defined and formed. Secondly, the weighted vectors are determined according to the knowledge and experience of experts. Thirdly, the weighted evaluation matrices are aggregated to get the fuzzy sets of tourism impacts. In the last stage, the final fuzzy sets are defuzzified to get the rank of the residents' perceptions of tourism impacts. A case study in Jiuzhaigou National Park of China is provided to demonstrate the application of this method.

关键词: residents’perceptions, tourism impacts, fuzzy synthetic evaluation, Jiuzhaigou National Park

Abstract:

Tourism can have both positive and negative outcomes for residents in tourism destinations. It is a good method to analyze the status of tourism impact by means of investigating residents' perceptions of it. Various methods have been used in previous authoritative studies. However, owing to inherent imprecision, difficulties always exist in some conventional methodologies when describing the interpretation of linguistic or measured uncertainties for real-world random phenomena. The purpose of this research is to present the fuzzy synthetic evaluation method to investigate residents' perceptions of tourism impacts. At first, basic attributes and a hierarchical framework of tourism impacts are defined and formed. Secondly, the weighted vectors are determined according to the knowledge and experience of experts. Thirdly, the weighted evaluation matrices are aggregated to get the fuzzy sets of tourism impacts. In the last stage, the final fuzzy sets are defuzzified to get the rank of the residents' perceptions of tourism impacts. A case study in Jiuzhaigou National Park of China is provided to demonstrate the application of this method.

Key words: residents’perceptions, tourism impacts, fuzzy synthetic evaluation, Jiuzhaigou National Park

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