中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2005, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (1): 42-46.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

NECESSITY AND METHOD OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF CHINA

REN Li-jun1,2,4, SHANG Jin-cheng1,3   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China;
    2. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shan dong University, Jinan 250100, P. R. China; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China;
    3. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China;
    4. School of Urban Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2004-08-18 出版日期:2005-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:REN Li-jun(1973- ),female,a native of Yantai of Shandong Province,Ph.D. candidate,specialized in strategic envi-ronmental assessment.E-mail:ljren@sdu.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the key project of Shandong Provincial Environmental Protection Bureau(No.2003447)

NECESSITY AND METHOD OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF CHINA

REN Li-jun1,2,4, SHANG Jin-cheng1,3   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China;
    2. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shan dong University, Jinan 250100, P. R. China; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China;
    3. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China;
    4. School of Urban Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, P. R. China
  • Received:2004-08-18 Online:2005-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Public participation has been one of important problems in the strategic environmental assessment(SEA). In this paper, the origin and the present research-conditions of public participation in SEA were analyzed. And the necessity of public participation was illuminated from following three aspects: 1)the public participation in China's SEA is a key method of gaining the public support;2)the public participation is one important source of gaining information;3)the public participation is a good way to overcome the obstruction in the traditional mechanism of making strategy decision. Effective public participation should be involved in the whole process of SEA, and the public participators should include the public representatives of the groups affected by environmental change, the specialists in SEA and relevant fields, persons who are interested in the strategy and media, and so on. Various methods of public participation in SEA, including the methods of obtaining information and information feedback or consultation, were discussed. Further, the function, the advantages and the disadvantages of each method were discussed in detail, too.

关键词: strategic environmental assessment, public participation, China

Abstract:

Public participation has been one of important problems in the strategic environmental assessment(SEA). In this paper, the origin and the present research-conditions of public participation in SEA were analyzed. And the necessity of public participation was illuminated from following three aspects: 1)the public participation in China's SEA is a key method of gaining the public support;2)the public participation is one important source of gaining information;3)the public participation is a good way to overcome the obstruction in the traditional mechanism of making strategy decision. Effective public participation should be involved in the whole process of SEA, and the public participators should include the public representatives of the groups affected by environmental change, the specialists in SEA and relevant fields, persons who are interested in the strategy and media, and so on. Various methods of public participation in SEA, including the methods of obtaining information and information feedback or consultation, were discussed. Further, the function, the advantages and the disadvantages of each method were discussed in detail, too.

Key words: strategic environmental assessment, public participation, China

中图分类号: