中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2002, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 359-365.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

A STUDY ON CELLULAR AUTOMATA BASED ON RELATIONAL DATABASES AND SPATIO-TEMPORAL SIMULATIONS OF CULTURE DIFFUSION

LUO Ping1,2, DU Qing-yun1, HE Su-fang2, LI Sen2, MICHAEL Gallagher3, NIU Hui-en3   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, P. R. China;
    2. Department of Tourism & Geography, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, P. R. China;
    3. Shenzhen Graduate School of Town Planning, Shenzhen 518031, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2002-09-16 出版日期:2002-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:LUO Ping(1974- ),male, a native of Jinzhou City of Hubei Province, Ph. D. His research interests include spatial model and geography information system.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.40071071).

A STUDY ON CELLULAR AUTOMATA BASED ON RELATIONAL DATABASES AND SPATIO-TEMPORAL SIMULATIONS OF CULTURE DIFFUSION

LUO Ping1,2, DU Qing-yun1, HE Su-fang2, LI Sen2, MICHAEL Gallagher3, NIU Hui-en3   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, P. R. China;
    2. Department of Tourism & Geography, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, P. R. China;
    3. Shenzhen Graduate School of Town Planning, Shenzhen 518031, P. R. China
  • Received:2002-09-16 Online:2002-12-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

This paper presents a development of the extended Cellular Automata (CA), based on relational databases(RDB), to model dynamic interactions among spatial objects. The integration of Geographical Information System (GIS)and CA has the great advantage of simulating geographical processes. But standard CA has some restrictions in cellularshape and neighbourhood and neighbour rules, which restrict the CA's ability to simulate complex, real world environments. This paper discusses a cell's spatial relation based on the spatial object's geometrical and nongeometrical characteristics, and extends the cell' s neighbour definition, and considers that the cell's neighbour lies in the forms of not only spatial adjacency but also attribute correlation. This paper then puts forward that spatial relations between two different cellscan be divided into three types, including spatial adjacency, neighbourhood and complicated separation. Based on traditional ideas, it is impossible to settle CA's restrictions completely. RDB-based CA is an academic experiment, in whichsome fields are designed to describe the essential information needed to define and select a cell's neighbour. The cultureinnovation diffusion system has multiple forms of space diffusion and inherited characteristics that the RDB-based CA iscapable of simulating more effectively. Finally this paper details a successful case study on the diffusion of fashion weartrends. Compared to the original CA, the RDB-based CA is a more natural and efficient representation of human knowledge over space, and is an effective tool in simulating complex systems that have multiple forms of spatial diffusion.

关键词: spatial relationship, cellular automata, relational database, culture diffusion, spatio-temporal simulation

Abstract:

This paper presents a development of the extended Cellular Automata (CA), based on relational databases(RDB), to model dynamic interactions among spatial objects. The integration of Geographical Information System (GIS)and CA has the great advantage of simulating geographical processes. But standard CA has some restrictions in cellularshape and neighbourhood and neighbour rules, which restrict the CA's ability to simulate complex, real world environments. This paper discusses a cell's spatial relation based on the spatial object's geometrical and nongeometrical characteristics, and extends the cell' s neighbour definition, and considers that the cell's neighbour lies in the forms of not only spatial adjacency but also attribute correlation. This paper then puts forward that spatial relations between two different cellscan be divided into three types, including spatial adjacency, neighbourhood and complicated separation. Based on traditional ideas, it is impossible to settle CA's restrictions completely. RDB-based CA is an academic experiment, in whichsome fields are designed to describe the essential information needed to define and select a cell's neighbour. The cultureinnovation diffusion system has multiple forms of space diffusion and inherited characteristics that the RDB-based CA iscapable of simulating more effectively. Finally this paper details a successful case study on the diffusion of fashion weartrends. Compared to the original CA, the RDB-based CA is a more natural and efficient representation of human knowledge over space, and is an effective tool in simulating complex systems that have multiple forms of spatial diffusion.

Key words: spatial relationship, cellular automata, relational database, culture diffusion, spati-temporal simulation

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