中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2002, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 44-49.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

A STUDY ON THE RELATION BETWEEN THE VARIATION OF THE PRECIPITATION IN EASTERN JIANGHUAI WATERSHED AND SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN CHIHE RIVER VALLEY

ZHANG Jian-chun, PENG Pu-zhuo   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2001-11-07 出版日期:2002-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:ZHANG Jian-chun(1964-),male,a native of Nanjing,associate professor. His research interest includes physical geogra-phy.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Special Fund Project of Anhui Provincial Irrigation Office(No.01-11).

A STUDY ON THE RELATION BETWEEN THE VARIATION OF THE PRECIPITATION IN EASTERN JIANGHUAI WATERSHED AND SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN CHIHE RIVER VALLEY

ZHANG Jian-chun, PENG Pu-zhuo   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
  • Received:2001-11-07 Online:2002-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Rainfall resource is very important to the development of society and economy,especially to eastern Jianghuai watershed which is now facing serious challenge of water shortage. Based on the observational records covering the period from 1957 to 1999,the characteristics of precipitation changing over eastern JiangHuai watershed and its connection to sediment discharge in Chihe River valley were studied using tendency analysis and correlation analysis .Results show that the rainfall in this area had a declining tendency in Spring at a rate of-21.2mm/10a, annual and Summer precipitation was increasing at the rate of 10.6mm/10a and 14.8mm/10a. The gray correlation analysis shows that sediment discharge correlates most closely with runoffs and the frequency of the rainstorm with a daily precipitation of 50-100mm, on the second place,with the rainfall and the frequency of the rainstorm of a daily precipitation no less than 100mm;and thirdly with the number of rainy days. In addition, the paper suggests the major countermeasures and methods for controlling of soil and water losses in this area.

关键词: eastern Jianghuai watershed, Chihe River, rainfall, sediment discharge, correlation grade

Abstract:

Rainfall resource is very important to the development of society and economy,especially to eastern Jianghuai watershed which is now facing serious challenge of water shortage. Based on the observational records covering the period from 1957 to 1999,the characteristics of precipitation changing over eastern JiangHuai watershed and its connection to sediment discharge in Chihe River valley were studied using tendency analysis and correlation analysis .Results show that the rainfall in this area had a declining tendency in Spring at a rate of-21.2mm/10a, annual and Summer precipitation was increasing at the rate of 10.6mm/10a and 14.8mm/10a. The gray correlation analysis shows that sediment discharge correlates most closely with runoffs and the frequency of the rainstorm with a daily precipitation of 50-100mm, on the second place,with the rainfall and the frequency of the rainstorm of a daily precipitation no less than 100mm;and thirdly with the number of rainy days. In addition, the paper suggests the major countermeasures and methods for controlling of soil and water losses in this area.

Key words: eastern Jianghuai watershed, Chihe River, rainfall, sediment discharge, correlation grade

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