中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2000, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 52-60.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER TRANSFORMATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON ENVIRONMENT IN THE ARID REGION —A case study in Alar irrigation region of Xinjiang, China

LI Xin, SONG Yu-dong, NIAN Fu-hua   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:1999-04-12 出版日期:2000-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:LI Xin(1940- ),male,a native of Anhui Province,professor.His research interest includes water resources.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(49771009)

CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER TRANSFORMATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON ENVIRONMENT IN THE ARID REGION —A case study in Alar irrigation region of Xinjiang, China

LI Xin, SONG Yu-dong, NIAN Fu-hua   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, P. R. China
  • Received:1999-04-12 Online:2000-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

The characteristics of water balance in arid regions is that the streams are formed in mountain area and continuously evaporates and infiltrates in the process of flowing to plain area, streams finally disappear in the desert or flow into the lakes, which are the low reaches of the rivers. But the distribution and transformation of water in Xinjiang, China have changed under the influences of human activities. The influences of human activities take place in a short time and regionally, especially in arid land where water is the key factor of environment. Water inside of oasis has increased, and water out of oasis or at the lower reaches of the river has decreased. Human activities have caused the environment changes in both positive and negative aspects by changing the circulation and distribution of water. Under the influence of human activities, oases in Xinjiang have expanded, meanwhile some lakes have contracted desertification is serious, natural vegetation has declined and natural environment out of oasis has degenrated.

关键词: arid region, water transformation, human activity, environment

Abstract:

The characteristics of water balance in arid regions is that the streams are formed in mountain area and continuously evaporates and infiltrates in the process of flowing to plain area, streams finally disappear in the desert or flow into the lakes, which are the low reaches of the rivers. But the distribution and transformation of water in Xinjiang, China have changed under the influences of human activities. The influences of human activities take place in a short time and regionally, especially in arid land where water is the key factor of environment. Water inside of oasis has increased, and water out of oasis or at the lower reaches of the river has decreased. Human activities have caused the environment changes in both positive and negative aspects by changing the circulation and distribution of water. Under the influence of human activities, oases in Xinjiang have expanded, meanwhile some lakes have contracted desertification is serious, natural vegetation has declined and natural environment out of oasis has degenrated.

Key words: arid region, water transformation, human activity, environment

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