中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 1999, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 26-32.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND OF THE CULTURE OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE

沙润, 石高俊, 储少莹   

  1. Geographical Science College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:1988-04-06 出版日期:1999-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND OF THE CULTURE OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE

Sha Run, Shi Gaojun, Chu Shaoying   

  1. Geographical Science College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P. R. China
  • Received:1988-04-06 Online:1999-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Produced in China's physical environment, traditional Chinese residential architecture is restrained by socialfactors and adapts itself to the natural economy. Physical geographical environment does not solely shape architecturalstyles. However, in the self-sufficient economy era, it deeply influenced the culture of traditional Chinese residential architecture. This thesis discuss ragional influence of climate on the spatial patterns and styles of residential architecture; italso analyzes the influence of landforms and water systems on architectural landscapes and local housing selections. Geologyand botany play another important role in forming local features and improving microenvironment around builidings. Withthe comprehensive effects of all elements that take climate as the key one, architectural styles differ evidently in various regions. On the above basis, analysis is made to find the view of nature of traditional residential architecture culture with theconnotative views of utility, aesthetic perception and ecology. By analyzing the effects of physical geographical factors onChina's residential architecture and exploring the natural view in its cultural and spiritual aspects, some enlightenmentmay be gained to protect protecal environment and realize harmony among man, architecture and environment, thus developing the culture of modern residential architecture with local flavor and characteristics.

关键词: traditional residential architecture, physical geographical background, natural view

Abstract:

Produced in China's physical environment, traditional Chinese residential architecture is restrained by socialfactors and adapts itself to the natural economy. Physical geographical environment does not solely shape architecturalstyles. However, in the self-sufficient economy era, it deeply influenced the culture of traditional Chinese residential architecture. This thesis discuss ragional influence of climate on the spatial patterns and styles of residential architecture; italso analyzes the influence of landforms and water systems on architectural landscapes and local housing selections. Geologyand botany play another important role in forming local features and improving microenvironment around builidings. Withthe comprehensive effects of all elements that take climate as the key one, architectural styles differ evidently in various regions. On the above basis, analysis is made to find the view of nature of traditional residential architecture culture with theconnotative views of utility, aesthetic perception and ecology. By analyzing the effects of physical geographical factors onChina's residential architecture and exploring the natural view in its cultural and spiritual aspects, some enlightenmentmay be gained to protect protecal environment and realize harmony among man, architecture and environment, thus developing the culture of modern residential architecture with local flavor and characteristics.

Key words: traditional residential architecture, physical geographical background, natural view