中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 1999, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 1-11.

• 论文 •    下一篇

DEEP THOUGHTS OF LAND UTILIZATION ABOUTTHE RARELY SEVERE FLOODING DISASTERALONG THE MIDDLE AND LOWER REACHES OFTHE CHANGJIANG RIVER IN 1998

谭术魁   

  1. School of Economics, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:1998-11-17 出版日期:1999-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15

DEEP THOUGHTS OF LAND UTILIZATION ABOUTTHE RARELY SEVERE FLOODING DISASTERALONG THE MIDDLE AND LOWER REACHES OFTHE CHANGJIANG RIVER IN 1998

Tan Shukui   

  1. School of Economics, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
  • Received:1998-11-17 Online:1999-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

In the summer of 1998, a rarely severe flooding disaster occurred in the whole basin of the Changjiang(Yangtze) River, which caused enormous losses. By 22nd of August, 29 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalitieswere involved, 21. 2 million ha of land were inundated, 223 million people were affected, 3004 people were killed and4. 97 million buildings were collapsed. The estimated direct loss of the country accounted to 166. 6 billion yuan (RMB).The main reason of the disaster is the unusual climate but the unreasonable land utilization the aggravated the disaster.This paper consists of two parts. One part analysed the unreasonable land utilization, including the neglect of forest landprotection, which caused the forest land area to decrease by 440 thousand ha in the whole country every year, the enclosing of lakes for cultivation, which decreased the area of lakes located along the banks of the Changjiang River from 17200km2 at the beginning of the founding of the People's Republic of China to 6531km2 in 1983, the changing of functions oflakes, which reduced the volume of storage exceedingly, for example, only 5 spots of lakes were used for storing water inWuhan City, and the slow progress of the construction of flood diversion and storage area, which would cause huge lossesonce flood was diverted. The other part explored the strategy of land utilization on the supplying of land for flood controlprojects, such as embankment, drainage installation, flood diversion and storage area, and on tapping the potentialsthrough narrowing and amalgamgting the range of rural residential quarters and small towns, reclaiming reserved resources, transforming middle and low productive fields, attaching importance to land arrangement and recultivation, and adjusting contracted fields partially, to ensure the sustainable and stable growth of the region.

关键词: the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River, flooding disaster, land utilization

Abstract:

In the summer of 1998, a rarely severe flooding disaster occurred in the whole basin of the Changjiang(Yangtze) River, which caused enormous losses. By 22nd of August, 29 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalitieswere involved, 21. 2 million ha of land were inundated, 223 million people were affected, 3004 people were killed and4. 97 million buildings were collapsed. The estimated direct loss of the country accounted to 166. 6 billion yuan (RMB).The main reason of the disaster is the unusual climate but the unreasonable land utilization the aggravated the disaster.This paper consists of two parts. One part analysed the unreasonable land utilization, including the neglect of forest landprotection, which caused the forest land area to decrease by 440 thousand ha in the whole country every year, the enclosing of lakes for cultivation, which decreased the area of lakes located along the banks of the Changjiang River from 17200km2 at the beginning of the founding of the People's Republic of China to 6531km2 in 1983, the changing of functions oflakes, which reduced the volume of storage exceedingly, for example, only 5 spots of lakes were used for storing water inWuhan City, and the slow progress of the construction of flood diversion and storage area, which would cause huge lossesonce flood was diverted. The other part explored the strategy of land utilization on the supplying of land for flood controlprojects, such as embankment, drainage installation, flood diversion and storage area, and on tapping the potentialsthrough narrowing and amalgamgting the range of rural residential quarters and small towns, reclaiming reserved resources, transforming middle and low productive fields, attaching importance to land arrangement and recultivation, and adjusting contracted fields partially, to ensure the sustainable and stable growth of the region.

Key words: the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River, flooding disaster, land utilization