中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 1997, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 270-277.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

THE OPEN PORT SYSTEM IN NORTHEAST CHINA

王荣芬1, 于国政2   

  1. 1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130021, P. R. China;
    2. Department of Geography, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:1997-01-06 出版日期:1997-09-20 发布日期:2011-12-16

THE OPEN PORT SYSTEM IN NORTHEAST CHINA

Wang Rongfen1, Yu Guozheng2   

  1. 1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130021, P. R. China;
    2. Department of Geography, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, P. R. China
  • Received:1997-01-06 Online:1997-09-20 Published:2011-12-16

摘要:

In China with the implement of the strategy of overall opening up to the outside world,northeast China has basically formed an open pattern with simultineous development of border opening and coast opening. As a national window to open up to the outside world, an open port system in northeast region has formed. These ports can be classified from different angles, such as management level, transport mode, location. From management level, they can be classified into the state firstclass ports and the second-class ports. According to transpost mode, they can be divided into railway port, highway port, water transport port, air transport port and special mode port, and based on location, they can be divided into border port, coast port and inland port. The oaper introduces in detail the foreign trade connection of 4 most representative state first-class border ports: Hunchun, Suifenhe, Heihe and Manzhouli. The open ports Of northeast coast regin mean mainly coast water transport ports in Liaodong Peninsula. The foreign trade connection of coast open ports: Dandong, Jinzhou,Yingkou and Dalian is expounded. And the paper also analyses the transport connection of ports of northeast region with their hinterlands.

关键词: port system, Northeast China, border trade, port classification, foreign trade

Abstract:

In China with the implement of the strategy of overall opening up to the outside world,northeast China has basically formed an open pattern with simultineous development of border opening and coast opening. As a national window to open up to the outside world, an open port system in northeast region has formed. These ports can be classified from different angles, such as management level, transport mode, location. From management level, they can be classified into the state firstclass ports and the second-class ports. According to transpost mode, they can be divided into railway port, highway port, water transport port, air transport port and special mode port, and based on location, they can be divided into border port, coast port and inland port. The oaper introduces in detail the foreign trade connection of 4 most representative state first-class border ports: Hunchun, Suifenhe, Heihe and Manzhouli. The open ports Of northeast coast regin mean mainly coast water transport ports in Liaodong Peninsula. The foreign trade connection of coast open ports: Dandong, Jinzhou,Yingkou and Dalian is expounded. And the paper also analyses the transport connection of ports of northeast region with their hinterlands.

Key words: port system, Northeast China, border trade, port classification, foreign trade