Yu Xixian1, Sha Luyin2
Xu Hongzu(1587-1641)initiated a new orientation on the study of geography, i.e., systematically observing natural phenomena and describing geographical conditions. Basing his analyses upon simple yet precise measurements and comprehensive descriptions of geographical conditions, he investigated the relationships between the various geographical phenomena and made a comparative study of the different geographical features of various different regions. Thus, he broke through the limitations of classical Geography and promoted the development towards modern Geography.
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