中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 749-764.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1147-7

• 论文 •    

Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Rural Labor Migration in China: Evidence from the Migration Stability under New-type Urbanization

DENG Wei1,2,3, ZHANG Shaoyao1,2,3, ZHOU Peng2,3, PENG Li1, LIU Ying1, WAN Jiangjun4   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Resources Science, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610066, China;
    2. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
    3. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. School of Architecture and Urban-rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611830, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-24 修回日期:2020-04-23 发布日期:2020-08-27
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Shaoyao.E-mail:zhangsyxs@163.com;DENG Wei.dengwei@sicnu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangsyxs@163.com;dengwei@sicnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41471469), the Key Project of National Natural Science Found of China (No. 41930651), Sichuan Provincial Research Center for Philosophy and Social Sciences-Sichuan Rural Development Research Center (No. CR1908)

Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Rural Labor Migration in China: Evidence from the Migration Stability under New-type Urbanization

DENG Wei1,2,3, ZHANG Shaoyao1,2,3, ZHOU Peng2,3, PENG Li1, LIU Ying1, WAN Jiangjun4   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Resources Science, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610066, China;
    2. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
    3. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. School of Architecture and Urban-rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611830, China
  • Received:2019-12-24 Revised:2020-04-23 Published:2020-08-27
  • Contact: ZHANG Shaoyao.E-mail:zhangsyxs@163.com;DENG Wei.dengwei@sicnu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangsyxs@163.com;dengwei@sicnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41471469), the Key Project of National Natural Science Found of China (No. 41930651), Sichuan Provincial Research Center for Philosophy and Social Sciences-Sichuan Rural Development Research Center (No. CR1908)

摘要: Although the factors affecting rural-to-urban migration have been discussed and analyzed in detail, few studies have examined the spatiotemporal dynamic characteristics of rural migrants' employment and working-cities in the post-immigrate era, which is essential for the citizenization and social integration of new-type urbanization in China. This study uses survey data from rural migration laborers across the eastern, central, and western China to construct a comprehensive labor migration stability index, and compares the determinants of the migration stability of rural labor among cities and industries using Geodetector. The results are as follows:1) Compared with the midwestern cities, eastern cities have attracted younger and more skilled rural labor, and industries with higher technical content have higher migration stability among rural laborers. 2) Rural laborers more often adapt to changes by changing employment instead of changing working-cities. 3) The individual experiences of rural laborers and urban characteristics have significant impacts on the stability of migration, and family and societal guanxi (Chinese interpersonal relationships) enhance migration stability. 4) A unified labor market and convenient transportation have somewhat slowed industrial transfers and labor backflow. This study enhances our understanding of the roles of industrial transfer and new-type urbanization in shaping the labor geography landscape and provides policy implications for the promotion of people-oriented urbanization.

关键词: migration stability, rural labor, Geodetector, spatiotemporal characteristics, new-type urbanization

Abstract: Although the factors affecting rural-to-urban migration have been discussed and analyzed in detail, few studies have examined the spatiotemporal dynamic characteristics of rural migrants' employment and working-cities in the post-immigrate era, which is essential for the citizenization and social integration of new-type urbanization in China. This study uses survey data from rural migration laborers across the eastern, central, and western China to construct a comprehensive labor migration stability index, and compares the determinants of the migration stability of rural labor among cities and industries using Geodetector. The results are as follows:1) Compared with the midwestern cities, eastern cities have attracted younger and more skilled rural labor, and industries with higher technical content have higher migration stability among rural laborers. 2) Rural laborers more often adapt to changes by changing employment instead of changing working-cities. 3) The individual experiences of rural laborers and urban characteristics have significant impacts on the stability of migration, and family and societal guanxi (Chinese interpersonal relationships) enhance migration stability. 4) A unified labor market and convenient transportation have somewhat slowed industrial transfers and labor backflow. This study enhances our understanding of the roles of industrial transfer and new-type urbanization in shaping the labor geography landscape and provides policy implications for the promotion of people-oriented urbanization.

Key words: migration stability, rural labor, Geodetector, spatiotemporal characteristics, new-type urbanization