中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 736-748.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1142-z

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Spatial-temporal Characteristics of Green Development Efficiency and Influencing Factors in Restricted Development Zones: A Case Study of Jilin Province, China

LI Ping1,2,3, TONG Lianjun1, GUO Yanhua1,4, GUO Fuyou5   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Urban Development Institute, Jilin Province Academy of Social Sciences, Changchun 130000, China;
    4. College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China;
    5. College of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2020-06-23
  • 通讯作者: TONG Lianjun. E-mail:tonglj@iga.ac.cn E-mail:tonglj@iga.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771138, 41801105)

Spatial-temporal Characteristics of Green Development Efficiency and Influencing Factors in Restricted Development Zones: A Case Study of Jilin Province, China

LI Ping1,2,3, TONG Lianjun1, GUO Yanhua1,4, GUO Fuyou5   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Urban Development Institute, Jilin Province Academy of Social Sciences, Changchun 130000, China;
    4. College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China;
    5. College of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China
  • Received:2020-01-20 Published:2020-06-23
  • Contact: TONG Lianjun. E-mail:tonglj@iga.ac.cn E-mail:tonglj@iga.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771138, 41801105)

摘要: Green development is an important issue of sustainable development in China. Due to the relatively backward economy and the fragile ecological environment, restricted development zones need to embrace green development. Taking 38 counties in Jilin Province as the empirical research objects, and based on cross-sectional data for each county in 2005, 2010, and 2015, we accurately depicted the spatiotemporal evolutionary characteristics of green development efficiency (GDE) in restricted development zones of Jilin Province using the slacks-based measure-data envelope analysis (SBM-DEA) model. Moreover, the factors that influence GDE were further analyzed using the Tobit model. We found that: first, GDE showed a V-shaped trend in restricted development zones of Jilin Province. The differences in GDE in the eastern, central, and western Jilin Province increased gradually. Second, 76% of counties in the restricted development zones had high or higher efficiencies. The resource-based cities were the main areas with low or lower GDE. Third, the economic development level was the core factor affecting GDE. Urbanization level had a significant negative effect on GDE in the restricted development zones. The effect of technological innovation level on GDE fluctuated, and we found that a ‘backward mechanism’ of technological innovation was beginning to form. Industrial structure and environmental governance had no significant effects on GDE.

关键词: green development efficiency, spatiotemporal evolution, influencing factor, restricted development zones, Jilin Province

Abstract: Green development is an important issue of sustainable development in China. Due to the relatively backward economy and the fragile ecological environment, restricted development zones need to embrace green development. Taking 38 counties in Jilin Province as the empirical research objects, and based on cross-sectional data for each county in 2005, 2010, and 2015, we accurately depicted the spatiotemporal evolutionary characteristics of green development efficiency (GDE) in restricted development zones of Jilin Province using the slacks-based measure-data envelope analysis (SBM-DEA) model. Moreover, the factors that influence GDE were further analyzed using the Tobit model. We found that: first, GDE showed a V-shaped trend in restricted development zones of Jilin Province. The differences in GDE in the eastern, central, and western Jilin Province increased gradually. Second, 76% of counties in the restricted development zones had high or higher efficiencies. The resource-based cities were the main areas with low or lower GDE. Third, the economic development level was the core factor affecting GDE. Urbanization level had a significant negative effect on GDE in the restricted development zones. The effect of technological innovation level on GDE fluctuated, and we found that a ‘backward mechanism’ of technological innovation was beginning to form. Industrial structure and environmental governance had no significant effects on GDE.

Key words: green development efficiency, spatiotemporal evolution, influencing factor, restricted development zones, Jilin Province