中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 588-599.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1136-x

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Spatial Patterns of LULC and Driving Forces in the Transnational Area of Tumen River: A Comparative Analysis of the Sub-regions of China, the DPRK, and Russia

NAN Ying1, WANG Bingbing1, ZHANG Da1, LIU Zhifeng2,3, QI Dekang1, ZHOU Haohao1   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Ocean Sciences, Yanbian University, Yanji Jilin, 133002, China;
    2. Center for Human-Environment System Sustainability(CHESS), State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology(ESPRE), Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. School of Natural Resources, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-22 发布日期:2020-06-23
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Da. E-mail:zhangda@ybu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangda@ybu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771094, 41871185, 41801184)

Spatial Patterns of LULC and Driving Forces in the Transnational Area of Tumen River: A Comparative Analysis of the Sub-regions of China, the DPRK, and Russia

NAN Ying1, WANG Bingbing1, ZHANG Da1, LIU Zhifeng2,3, QI Dekang1, ZHOU Haohao1   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Ocean Sciences, Yanbian University, Yanji Jilin, 133002, China;
    2. Center for Human-Environment System Sustainability(CHESS), State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology(ESPRE), Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. School of Natural Resources, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-12-22 Published:2020-06-23
  • Contact: ZHANG Da. E-mail:zhangda@ybu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangda@ybu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771094, 41871185, 41801184)

摘要: Understanding the spatial patterns of land-use and land-cover (LULC) and their driving forces in transnational areas is important for the sustainable development of these regions. However, the spatial patterns of LULC and their driving forces across multiple scales are poorly understood in transnational areas. In this study, we analyzed the spatial patterns of LULC and driving forces in the transnational area of Tumen River (TATR) in 2016 across two scales: the entire region and the sub-regions of China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and Russia. Results showed that the LULC was dominated by broadleaf forest and dry farmland in the TATR in 2016, which accounted for 66.86% and 13.60% of the entire region, respectively. Meanwhile, the LULC in the three sub-regions exhibited noticeable differences. In the Chinese and the DPRK’s sub-regions, the area of broadleaf forest was greater than those for the other LULC types, while the Russian sub-region was dominated by broadleaf forest and grassland. The spatial patterns of LULC were mainly influenced by topography, climate, soil properties, and human activities. In addition, the driving forces of the spatial patterns of LULC in the TATR had an obvious scaling effect. Therefore, we suggest that effective policies and regulations with cooperation among China, the DPRK, and Russia are needed to plan the spatial patterns of LULC and improve the sustainable development of the TATR.

关键词: land-use and land-cover (LULC), spatial pattern, driving force, transnational area of Tumen River

Abstract: Understanding the spatial patterns of land-use and land-cover (LULC) and their driving forces in transnational areas is important for the sustainable development of these regions. However, the spatial patterns of LULC and their driving forces across multiple scales are poorly understood in transnational areas. In this study, we analyzed the spatial patterns of LULC and driving forces in the transnational area of Tumen River (TATR) in 2016 across two scales: the entire region and the sub-regions of China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and Russia. Results showed that the LULC was dominated by broadleaf forest and dry farmland in the TATR in 2016, which accounted for 66.86% and 13.60% of the entire region, respectively. Meanwhile, the LULC in the three sub-regions exhibited noticeable differences. In the Chinese and the DPRK’s sub-regions, the area of broadleaf forest was greater than those for the other LULC types, while the Russian sub-region was dominated by broadleaf forest and grassland. The spatial patterns of LULC were mainly influenced by topography, climate, soil properties, and human activities. In addition, the driving forces of the spatial patterns of LULC in the TATR had an obvious scaling effect. Therefore, we suggest that effective policies and regulations with cooperation among China, the DPRK, and Russia are needed to plan the spatial patterns of LULC and improve the sustainable development of the TATR.

Key words: land-use and land-cover (LULC), spatial pattern, driving force, transnational area of Tumen River