中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 516-531.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1125-0

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective

YANG Fiona Fan1, HU Fox Zhiyong2, WANG Yuhua3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Department of Asian and Policy Studies, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China;
    3. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-05 修回日期:2019-06-23 出版日期:2020-05-20 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 通讯作者: HU Fox Zhiyong.E-mail:zyhu@eduhk.hk E-mail:zyhu@eduhk.hk
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of the Early Career Scheme of the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (No. 28200615), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2018A030313276)

Post-industrial Economic Restructuring and Wage Inequality in Urban China, 2003-2015: A Sectoral Perspective

YANG Fiona Fan1, HU Fox Zhiyong2, WANG Yuhua3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Department of Asian and Policy Studies, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China;
    3. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-03-05 Revised:2019-06-23 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-04-28
  • Contact: HU Fox Zhiyong.E-mail:zyhu@eduhk.hk E-mail:zyhu@eduhk.hk
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of the Early Career Scheme of the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (No. 28200615), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2018A030313276)

摘要: Income inequality in urban China has attracted growing attention from China's urban researchers and policy makers. Whereas many studies have interrogated the pattern and process of the income gap in Chinese cities undergoing the institutional transformation from plan to market, relatively little is known about how such unequal distribution of income is related to China's ongoing structural transformation toward a post-industrial economy. Drawing on a decomposition methodology based on the Theil index, this study aimed to address this lacuna through an empirical investigation of China's urban wage inequality from a sectoral perspective. Our empirical study identified the low-wage manufacturing sector and the high-wage producer services sector as the two biggest contributors to urban wage inequality in China. Urban wage inequality within the producer services was found to be caused by the spatial concentration of a disproportionate number of high-paying jobs in a few developed, high-tier city-regions on the eastern coast. Our empirical findings have important implications for the formulation of policies to address the income inequality that plagues China's continuing urbanization.

关键词: wage inequality, post-industrial economy, economic restructuring, producer service, urban China

Abstract: Income inequality in urban China has attracted growing attention from China's urban researchers and policy makers. Whereas many studies have interrogated the pattern and process of the income gap in Chinese cities undergoing the institutional transformation from plan to market, relatively little is known about how such unequal distribution of income is related to China's ongoing structural transformation toward a post-industrial economy. Drawing on a decomposition methodology based on the Theil index, this study aimed to address this lacuna through an empirical investigation of China's urban wage inequality from a sectoral perspective. Our empirical study identified the low-wage manufacturing sector and the high-wage producer services sector as the two biggest contributors to urban wage inequality in China. Urban wage inequality within the producer services was found to be caused by the spatial concentration of a disproportionate number of high-paying jobs in a few developed, high-tier city-regions on the eastern coast. Our empirical findings have important implications for the formulation of policies to address the income inequality that plagues China's continuing urbanization.

Key words: wage inequality, post-industrial economy, economic restructuring, producer service, urban China