中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 16-29.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1095-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial-temporal Dynamics and Driving Forces of Land Development Intensity in the Western China from 2000 to 2015

HUANG Xin1,2, HUANG Xiaojun3,4, LIU Mengmeng3, WANG Bo3, ZHAO Yonghua1,2   

  1. 1. School of Earth Science and Resources, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, China;
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation, Xi'an 710054, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China;
    4. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Xi'an 710127, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 修回日期:2019-09-17 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2020-01-07
  • 通讯作者: HUANG Xiaojun.E-mail:huangxj@nwu.edu.cn E-mail:huangxj@nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University (No. 310827171012); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41971178; 31670549; 31170664); National Key Research & Development Program of China (2017YFC0504705); Open Fund of Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity (No. SKLESS201807); Key Research & Development Program of Shaanxi Province (No. 2019SF-245)

Spatial-temporal Dynamics and Driving Forces of Land Development Intensity in the Western China from 2000 to 2015

HUANG Xin1,2, HUANG Xiaojun3,4, LIU Mengmeng3, WANG Bo3, ZHAO Yonghua1,2   

  1. 1. School of Earth Science and Resources, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, China;
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation, Xi'an 710054, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China;
    4. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-09-17 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2020-01-07
  • Contact: HUANG Xiaojun.E-mail:huangxj@nwu.edu.cn E-mail:huangxj@nwu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University (No. 310827171012); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41971178; 31670549; 31170664); National Key Research & Development Program of China (2017YFC0504705); Open Fund of Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity (No. SKLESS201807); Key Research & Development Program of Shaanxi Province (No. 2019SF-245)

摘要: The change in land development intensity is an important perspective to reflect the variation in regional social and economic development and spatial differentiation. In this paper, spatial statistical analysis, Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), and Geographically weighted regression (GWR) methods are used to systematically analyse the spatial-temporal characteristics and driving forces of land development intensity for 131 spatial units in the western China from 2000 to 2015. The findings of the study are as follows:1) The land development intensity in the western China has been increasing rapidly. From 2000 to 2015, land development intensity increased by 3.4 times on average. 2) The hotspot areas have shifted from central Inner Mongolia, northern Shaanxi and the Beibu Gulf of Guangxi to the Guanzhong Plain and the Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomeration. The areas of cold spots were mainly concentrated in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Yunnan, and Xinjiang. 3) Investment intensity and the natural environment have always been the main drivers of land development intensity in the western China. Investment played a powerful role in promoting land development intensity, while the natural and ecological environment distinctly constrained such development. The effect of the economic factors on land development intensity in the western China has changed, which is reflected in the driving factor of construction land development shifting from economic growth in 2000 to economic structure, especially industrial structure, in 2015.

关键词: construction land, land development intensity, spatial-temporal dynamic, driving force, the western China

Abstract: The change in land development intensity is an important perspective to reflect the variation in regional social and economic development and spatial differentiation. In this paper, spatial statistical analysis, Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), and Geographically weighted regression (GWR) methods are used to systematically analyse the spatial-temporal characteristics and driving forces of land development intensity for 131 spatial units in the western China from 2000 to 2015. The findings of the study are as follows:1) The land development intensity in the western China has been increasing rapidly. From 2000 to 2015, land development intensity increased by 3.4 times on average. 2) The hotspot areas have shifted from central Inner Mongolia, northern Shaanxi and the Beibu Gulf of Guangxi to the Guanzhong Plain and the Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomeration. The areas of cold spots were mainly concentrated in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Yunnan, and Xinjiang. 3) Investment intensity and the natural environment have always been the main drivers of land development intensity in the western China. Investment played a powerful role in promoting land development intensity, while the natural and ecological environment distinctly constrained such development. The effect of the economic factors on land development intensity in the western China has changed, which is reflected in the driving factor of construction land development shifting from economic growth in 2000 to economic structure, especially industrial structure, in 2015.

Key words: construction land, land development intensity, spatial-temporal dynamic, driving force, the western China